2 LEQ: Old or new what are the reasons for and opinions on immigration into the United States? Drill:Why might people from around the world want to immigrate to the United States?
3 Why Immigrate? Push Factors Pull Factors Unemployment Poverty War Political/Religious PersecutionEnvironmental ProblemsJobsLure of Freedom; new form of governmentAttractive Environment; landFamily
4 America’s Melting PotEuropean exploration 15th – 18th century = Western Europeans to the Americas (2 million)Old Immigrants = mostly Irish and German arrive between (7.5 million +)New Immigrants = mostly from southern and eastern Europe and Asia arrive between (20 million +)Current Immigrants = mostly from Latin America and Asia (38.5 million = legal; 11 million + illegal)
5 Opposition and Support Economic Growth = new businesses, create and fill jobs; increased tax revenues; more consumersTechnological advances = engineers, scientists, innovatorsCostly Deportation and Border DefensesReduction in drug cartels and violence at borderReunificationEconomic Costs = job competition, education, and social servicesNegative Environmental Impact = over population; scarce resourcesIncreased Crime RatesProtection against infectious diseasesDistortion of National Identity
6 LEQ: How can one become a legal immigrant to the United States LEQ: How can one become a legal immigrant to the United States? Why has immigration reform failed?Drill:Why do you think our leaders have not been able to reach agreeable terms regarding immigration reform?
7 Identifying the Terms: Emigrant – one who leaves their native country to live in anotherImmigrant – one who left their native country and now lives in yoursMigrant – one who travels within their country; one who travels oftenSponsor - to bring to the United States or "petition for"
8 Green Card vs. Visas Green Card Visas Grants emigrants the right to apply for entry (done before get to U.S.)Two types: nonimmigrant visa for temporary stay OR immigrant visa for temporary stayHas to be renewed(some people wait as long as 20 years to get)Allow an immigrant to live and work in the U.S. indefinitelyIs evidence of lawful permanent residenceHas to be renewed every 10 years(some people wait up to 10 years to get)
9 Who Gets a Visa?Family-Based Visa: family member of a U.S. citizen or a lawful permanent resident (LPRs)Employment Based: Temporary or PermanentRefugees and Asylees: admitted based on a “well-founded fear of persecution” or already in U.S. and apply for asylum*Per Country Ceilings: no group of permanent immigrants from a single country can exceed 7% of total immigrants admitted*
10 The Waiting ListAccording to 2013 data 4.4 million emigrants are on the waiting list to receive Visas4.3. million of this total are waiting on family sponsored visas113,059 of this total are waiting for employment based visasAccording to 2013 data 11 million or more are currently living in the United States as illegal immigrants
11 Proposed Immigration Reforms DREAM Act: first introduced in 2001 by two U.S. Senators (Dem. & Rep.)President Obama’s 2013 Plan for Immigration ReformPresident Obama’s 2014 Executive Action on Immigration Reform
12 LEQ: How can one become a legal immigrant to the United States LEQ: How can one become a legal immigrant to the United States? Why has immigration reform failed?Drill:Get into your groups from yesterday.YOU WILL TEACH YOUR PEERS TODAY!