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Bloom's Taxonomy Bloom’s Taxonomy This presentation was created following the Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia. Certain materials are included under the Fair Use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law. Further use of these materials and this presentation is restricted.
Bloom's Taxonomy What is Bloom’s Taxonomy? Benjamin Bloom created this taxonomy for categorizing level of abstraction of questions that commonly occur in educational settings. What does that mean? What is “abstraction”?
Bloom’s Taxonomy In other words, a way to prioritize the type of questions being asked as to what knowledge, attitude or skill is required on the part of the responder to answer the question. Ideas are abstract but they need to be measured/assessed in a concrete manner. Rubrics Criteria Bloom's Taxonomy
THREE TYPES OF LEARNING Cognitive:– mental skills (knowledge) Affective: growth in feelings or emotional areas (attitude) Psychomotor: manual or physical skills (skills)
Bloom's Taxonomy Definition and Levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy A classification of thinking organized by level of complexity There are six types of questions, #1 being the easiest #6 being the most complex. 1. Knowledge 2. Comprehension 3. Application 4. Analysis 5. Synthesis 6. Evaluation
Bloom's Taxonomy KNOWLEDGE (RECALL) (memorize-regurgitate) *observation and recall of information *knowledge of dates, events, places *knowledge of major ideas *mastery of subject matter *Recognize *Memorize Does not always require true understanding!
Bloom's Taxonomy SYNTHESIS- To pull together *Use old ideas to create new ones *Generalize from given facts *Relate knowledge from several areas *Predict *Draw conclusions *Combining elements into a pattern not clearly there before-using multiple sources
Bloom's Taxonomy Products of Synthesis Create original poems, songs, games, plays, speeches, some essays, etc.
EVALUATION *Judgment based on criteria *Compare and discriminate between ideas *Assess value of theories, presentations * Make choices based on reasoned argument *Verify value of evidence *Recognize subjectivity Bloom's Taxonomy
Bloom's Taxonomy ACTIVITY #1 For each of the levels of thinking, explain how you use it in everyday life. Option A-Use a different activity to represent each level of thought. OR Option B-Use ONE activity and EXPLAIN how each level occurs in the activity.
ACTIVITY #2 Take the assigned reading from the textbook. Create an assignment, writing prompt, quiz or project that would measure a student at EACH of the levels of Bloom’s taxonomy. Bloom's Taxonomy
EXAMPLE-Students read the biography and two excerpts from the same author. Knowledge-Where was the author born? Comprehension- How did the author’s childhood influence his beliefs? Application- Summarize the plot events of both excerpts. Analysis-What techniques does the author use in each of his pieces? What effect do they have on the theme? Continued on next slide Bloom's Taxonomy
SAMPLE CONTINUED Synthesis-write a personal narrative paragraph where you use an idea or technique as the author has done. Evaluate-Is the author effective in communicating with his audience? What is the criteria? Bloom's Taxonomy
ACTIVITY #2 You and your partner are to take the poem below and create an activity that would practice each of the levels of thinking in relation to the poem.
Bloom's Taxonomy NOTHING GOLD CAN STAY Nature’s first green is gold Her hardest hue to hold Her early leaf’s a flower But only so an hour Then leaf subsides to leaf So Eden sank to grief As dawn goes down to day Nothing gold can stay. -Robert Frost
Bloom's Taxonomy Sources: From Benjamin S. Bloom Taxonomy of educational objectives. Published by Allyn and Bacon, Boston, MA. Copyright (c) 1984 by Pearson Education. http://www.coun.uvic.ca/learn/program/hndouts/bloom.htmlhttp://www.coun.uvic.ca/learn/program/hndouts/bloom.html Copyright 1999 by Donald Clark; Created June 5, 1999. Updated July 5, 2001. http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html