Presentation on theme: "DEVELOPING QUESTIONS FOR SCRIPTURE STUDY THAT SUPPORT MAXIMUM LEARNING J AN P ARON, P H D A LL N ATIONS L EADERSHIP I NSTITUTE Bloom’s Taxonomy: Six Levels."— Presentation transcript:
DEVELOPING QUESTIONS FOR SCRIPTURE STUDY THAT SUPPORT MAXIMUM LEARNING J AN P ARON, P H D A LL N ATIONS L EADERSHIP I NSTITUTE Bloom’s Taxonomy: Six Levels for Understanding
Six Levels of Understanding When teaching, one needs to address understanding in six different levels: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Based on Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning, each level is a building block for understanding the next. Beginning with the most basic level, which is knowledge, understanding becomes progressively more complex. The most complex is evaluation.
Six Levels of Understanding Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation Fundamental level of understanding Knowledge Complex & advanced levels of understanding Learning Progression of the Six Levels of Understanding
Six Levels of Understanding When developing questions and activities associated with your selected scripture study, you should address each level of understanding
Six Levels of Understanding The length of time you allow for at each level is determined by the prior knowledge of the audience. Make adjustments and adaptations to time and approach, but include questions representative of all understanding levels.
Six Levels of Understanding Let’s review the basic meaning of each level of understanding.
Six Levels of Understanding Knowledge Recognize information, ideas, and principles Function List, define, tell, describe, identify, show, label, collect, examine, tabulate, quote, name, who, when, where, etc. Associated Action Verbs Define the principles of individual and communal ministry Describe the “temptation to be spectacular.” Example
Six Levels of Understanding Comprehension Comprehends or interprets scripture or text based on prior meaning Function Summarize, describe, interpret, contrast, predict, associate, distinguish, estimate, differentiate, discuss, extend Associated Action Verbs Discuss how the “temptation to be spectacular” impacts communal ministry Example
Six Levels of Understanding Application Selects, transfers, and uses data and principles to complete a life task with minimum direction Function Apply, demonstrate, calculate, complete, illustrate, show, solve, examine, modify, relate, change, classify, experiment, and discover Associated Action Verbs Think of a situation involving communal ministry. Relate how you would avoid the “temptation to be spectacular” in that situation. Example
Six Levels of Understanding Analysis Thought process in use: can examine, classify, hypothesize, collect data, and draw conclusions Function Analyze, separate, order, explain, connect, classify, arrange, divide, compare, select, explain, infer Associated Action Verbs Why do you think Nouwen included a separate chapter in his book about the “temptation to be spectacular”? Example
Six Levels of Understanding Synthesis Originates, integrates, and combines ideas into a product, plan, or proposal that is new Function Combine, integrate, modify, rearrange, substitute, plan, create, design, invent, what?, compose, formulate, prepare, generalize, rewrite Associated Action Verbs Create a plan showing how you would adjust your personal and public actions as a mission team member in Belize, keeping in mind avoiding the temptations of being spectacular. Example
Six Levels of Understanding Evaluate Appraises, assesses, criticizes on a basis or specific standards or criteria. Function Assess, decide, rank, grade, test, measure, recommend, convince, select, judge, explain, discriminate, support, conclude, compare, and summarize Associated Action Verbs Critique another group’s plan for effectiveness of actions that show how to avoid the “temptation to be spectacular” (as a team member on the Belize mission trip). Example
Six Levels of Understanding Guided Practice Let’s try writing questions for each of the six levels of understanding for Nouwen’s chapter on “The Temptation: To Be Spectacular.”
Six Levels of Understanding Guided Practice Before you begin, determine your vision for learning for that chapter. In other words, what is the enduring understanding you want your students to have when they walk away from this study?
Six Levels of Understanding Guided Practice Here’s my vision or enduring understanding for this study: “Each type of ministry environment, whether it be individually or communally based, poses unique challenges. As a pastor, one must be acutely aware of his own fleshly nature and spiritually prepare for successful ministry regardless of the environment.”
Six Levels of Understanding References Acknowledgments go to the authors of “Bloom’s Taxonomy for Learning.” Bloom and other colleagues identified the knowledge and skills involved in the cognitive domain of learning. The six levels of understanding I explained are actually the major categories of the cognitive domain from Bloom. (Bloom, 1956)