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Financial Aspects of Career Planning

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Presentation on theme: "Financial Aspects of Career Planning"— Presentation transcript:

1 Financial Aspects of Career Planning
Chapter 02 Financial Aspects of Career Planning 2-1

2 Chapter 2 Learning Objectives
Describe activities associated with career planning and advancement Evaluate factors that influence employment opportunities Implement employment search strategies Assess financial and legal concerns related to obtaining employment Analyze techniques available for career growth and advancement 2-2

3 Career Choice Factors Objective 1: Describe the activities associated with career planning and advancement Career selection requires planning The average person changes jobs more than seven times over a lifetime Job is an employment position obtained mainly to earn money Career is a commitment to a profession that requires continued training 2-3

4 Career Choice Factors (continued)
TRADE-OFFS OF CAREER DECISIONS Career choices alternatives have risks and opportunity costs Career choices require periodic evaluation of trade-offs related to personal, social, and economic factors 2-4

5 Career Choice Factors (continued)
CAREER TRAINING AND SKILL DEVELOPMENT Level of formal training affects financial success Training may be viewed in two main categories: Technical Skills refers to specialized career training for a specific profession. General Skills are traits adaptable to most work situations. Some can be acquired at school, while others require experience. 2-5

6 Career Choice Factors (continued)
PERSONAL FACTORS Aptitudes Interests inventories Your personality Do you perform best in low-pressure or high-pressure working environments? Personal SWOT analysis 2-6

7 Career Opportunities: Now and in the Future
Objective 2: Evaluate factors that influence employment opportunities 2-7

8 Career Opportunities: Now and in the Future (continued)
SOCIAL INFLUENCES Demographic trends Geographic trends Where jobs are; salaries, and living costs Working Parents More food service and child care Leisure time More interest in health and recreation Longer life spans Demand for travel, health care, and retirement facilities Employment training Demand for teachers, trainers, and related careers 2-8

9 Career Opportunities: Now and in the Future (continued)
Economic Conditions Career Opportunities are affected by: High interest rates Price increases Decreased demand for goods and services 2-9

10 Service Industries Expected to Have the Greatest Employment Potential
Information technology Health care Business services Social services Sales and Retailing Hospitality and food services Management and human resources Education Financial services 2-10

11 Employment Search Strategies
Objective 3: Implement employment search strategies OBTAINING EMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCE Part-time employment develop contacts Volunteer work develop organizational skills Internships experience helps obtain employment Campus projects obtain career skills 2-11

12 2-12

13 Employment Search Strategies (cont’d)
Networking is the process of making and using contacts to obtain and update career information The main sources of networking include: Community Organizations Professional Organizations Business Contacts 2-13

14 Employment Search Strategies (cont’d)
Effective networking means: Preparing a 30-second summary of abilities Volunteering for committees and events of professional organizations Asking questions to get others to talk about themselves and their experiences 2-14

15 Employment Search Strategies (con’t)
IDENTIFYING JOB OPPORTUNITIES Job advertisements Career fairs Employment agencies Job creation Visit organizations Telephone and business directories Web search Talk with alumni in your field 2-15

16 Employment Search Strategies (con’t)
APPLYING FOR EMPLOYMENT Resume Cover letter Interview See Chapter 2 Appendix for detailed help in these areas 2-16

17 Financial and Legal Aspects of Employment
Objective 4: Assess the financial and legal concerns related to obtaining employment ***Research the job and the company before accepting an employment position THE WORK ENVIRONMENT Corporate culture Company policies and procedures FACTORS AFFECTING SALARY Education, training, company size, and salaries for comparable positions 2-17

18 Financial and Legal Aspects of Employment (continued)
EVALUATING EMPLOYEE BENEFITS Nonsalary benefits include: child care, leaves of absence, and elder care Cafeteria-style benefits allow workers benefit credits that they can choose to meet their needs Flexible spending and medical savings accounts Compare job offer benefits based on market value or future value Know your employment rights 2-18

19 Financial and Legal Aspects of Employment (continued)
Objective 5: Analyze the techniques for career growth and advancement A career can be for a lifetime Skills and attitudes that can lead to a fulfilling work life: Communicate well with others Flexible and open to new ideas Develop efficient work habits Use lists, goal setting, and time management techniques Anticipate problems and areas for actions Creativity and a willingness to assist others 2-19

20 Long-Term Career Development (cont’d)
TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES Continue to learn about new technology and the global economy Formal methods for expanding knowledge: company programs, seminars, and college courses Informal methods: reading and discussions with colleagues meetings with employees from other companies 2-20

21 Long-Term Career Development (cont’d)
CAREER PATHS AND ADVANCEMENT Career choices must be evaluated in light of changing values, goals, and economic conditions A mentor is an experienced employee who serves as a teacher and counselor for a less experienced person Mentors are attracted to those who show initiative Mentors should be receptive to assisting others, and help in both technical and social areas of their careers 2-21

22 Long-Term Career Development (cont’d)
CHANGING CAREERS About 10 million career moves occur each year Changing jobs can be more difficult than selecting the first job Carefully assess the financial and personal costs and benefits of changing careers Determine whether a career change will serve your needs and goals 2-22

23 Long-Term Career Development (cont’d)
To cope with job termination while seeking new employment you should: Maintain appropriate eating, sleep, and exercise habits Involve yourself in family and community activities Improve your skills through classes and volunteer work Target your search towards high growth industries Consider opportunities with non-profit organizations Target your skills to the needs of an organization 2-23

24 Developing a Resume Personal data section Career objective section
Education section Experience section Related information section References section 2-24

25 Three Types of Resumes Chronological Functional Targeted
- Most common; focuses on experience and education in reverse-time sequence Functional - Focuses on your skills Targeted - Prepared for a specific job E-resumes for applying for a job online - Use a simple format and no attachments 2-25

26 Resume Preparation Presented in a professional manner
Limit your resume to one page Use the STAR principle to highlight experiences and achievements: Situation, or the setting Task, your duties Actions you took Result, the outcome 2-26

27 Creating a Cover Letter
Introductory paragraph Get reader’s attention Overview your qualifications Development paragraph Specific qualifications Refer to details on resume Experiences and training Concluding paragraph Ask for interview Include how to contact you Summarize how you can help the company 2-27

28 The Job Interview Prepare for the interview by getting information about your prospective employer Library resources such as annual reports or recent articles Internet searches of company and industry information Observations during company visits Prepare questions to ask about your interests, the organization, policies, and benefits Practice interview skills 2-28

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