Presentation on theme: "Notes from Chapter 9 in your Textbook, Personal Fitness"— Presentation transcript:
1 Notes from Chapter 9 in your Textbook, Personal Fitness NutritionNotes from Chapter 9 in your Textbook, Personal Fitness
2 ObjectiveContent Objective: The students will identify the function for each of the six essential nutrients needed by our body and found in the foods that we eat on their notes outline.
3 NutrientsDefinition – A substance that must be consumed to promote normal growth, maintenance, and repair of body cells.What Nutrients do you know?Carbohydrates Minerals ProteinsVitamins FiberFats Water
4 What are the Functions of Nutrients? Regulate body processesBuild, repair and maintain body tissuesProvide energyThere are 6 Essential Nutrients! What are they?ProteinCarbohydratesFatsVitaminsMineralsWater
5 1. What is the Function of Protein in the Body? Protein builds, repairs and maintains body tissues.Protein provides about 4 calories of energy per gramProteins are made up of amino acids (basic building blocks)
6 2. What is the Function of Carbohydrates in the Body? Carbohydrates are the nutrients that provide energy to the body.They offer about 4 carloires of energy per gramThere are two types of carbohydrates:Simple – Sugar that enters the body rapidly for quick energyComplex – Starches/long lasting or stored energy
8 3. What is the Function of Fat in the Body Fat is a source of stored energyIt helps make certain vitamins available in the bodyCushions and protects certain organs in the bodyEach gram of fat provides about 9 calories of energyTwo Types of Fats:Saturated – Poses cholesterol risk and comes from animalsUnsaturated – Not as unhealthy and comes from vegetablesTrans-Fat – Formed when vegetable oils are processed into solid fats and increases shelf life.
9 From Fat we get….. Cholesterol HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) = Good cholesterol; believed to help remove the extra cholesterol from artery walls.LDL (Low Density Lipoproteins) = Leads to the buildup of cholesterol on the walls of arteries, causing cardiovascular disease
10 4. What are the Functions of Vitamins in the Body? Vitamins help promote chemical reactions in the bodyThey help release energy from fats and carbohydratesTwo Types of Vitamins:Water-Soluble: Dissolve in water and can’t be stored in body tissuesFat-Soluble: Absorbed in fat cells
11 5. What are the Functions of Minerals in the Body? Minerals are nutrients needed by the body in small amounts to help regulate chemical reactions and body processes.Examples:Calcium + Vit. D = Strong Bones and TeethSodium – Maintains water balance in the body
12 6. What are the Five Functions of Water in the Body? Makes up part of the bloodHelps process digestionHelps remove body wastesRegulates body temperatureCushions spinal cord and joints in the bodyHow many cups of water should you drink a day?8 cups
13 What is Fibers Function in the Body? Fiber is the parts of food that cannot be digestedIt is important to the body because it helps move waste through the digestive tract.
14 Daily Guidelines for the Number of Servings of Each Major Food Group Food Guide PyramidMy PyramidMy Plate199220052011
15 Level of Activity – Michael Phelps Video QuestionWhat four factors affect the number of servings best for you each day?Age Sex SizeLevel of Activity – Michael Phelps Video
16 What are Dietary Guidelines? They are recommendations for diet choices for healthy Americans who are 2 years or older.
17 What are the 7 Dietary Guidelines? Eat a variety of foodsBalance the foods you eat with physical activity to maintain or improve your body weight.Choose a diet low in saturated fats and cholesterolChoose a diet high in grains, fruits and vegetablesChoose a diet moderate in sugarChoose a diet moderate in salt and sodiumTeens should not drink alcohol
19 Calculation of Caloric Intake Cont. Teenage GirlsTeenage Boys~2,200 Calories Per DayCarbohydrates - 55% of 2,200 = 1,210 calories or 302 gramsFats - 30% of 2,200 = 660 calories or 93 gramsProteins - 15% of 2,200 = 330 calories or 83 grams~2,800 Calories Per DayCarbohydrates - 55% of 2,800 = 1,540 calories or 385 gramsFats - 30% of 2,800 = 840 calories or 93 gramsProteins - 15% of 2,800 = 420 calories or 105 grams
20 What is a Food Label and why are they Important? A nutritional panel of information required on all processed food by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). It provides important information about that specific food.
21 List the 7 Things Found Under the Nutrition Facts of a Food Label Serving SizeAmount Per Serving% Daily ValueList of NutrientsVitamins and MineralsDaily Values/Calories FootnoteIngredients listing
22 Homework***Please bring in a food label from any food product of your choice. We will be using these for a graded activity next class.Due Dates:AD = Thursday 3/12BE = Friday 3/13CF = Monday 3/16