Presentation on theme: "Revisiting the 5-Paragraph Essay"— Presentation transcript:
1 Revisiting the 5-Paragraph Essay Argumentative Writing
2 Introductory Paragraph introduce your topicgrab your reader’s attentionhave a strong thesis statementforecast what you are going to talk about
3 HooksWhat can a writer do that will secure the interest of a fair sized audience?By using hooks to grab the reader's attention: a very important aspect of your writing!
4 Types of Hooks Directly stated thesis: after providing general background, narrow your focus to a thesis statement that previews the essay that will followDefinition:works well in a paper that deals with an unfamiliar topic
5 Types of Hooks A quotation: a beginning quotation can effectively introduce ideas but make sure the quote clearly relates to the topicAn anecdote/ personal experience:as long as it clearly sets up your topic, and has a bearing on what will follow in the essay, a short tale can be effective in grabbing your reader's attention
6 Types of Hooks An arresting statement: sometimes you can jolt the reader into attention by using content, language, or bothInteresting details:use to pique curiosity and draw the reader into the paper
7 Last but not least… A question: a provocative question can entice the reader into the essay to find the answersYou may also use current events, historical or biographical facts, an opposite point of view, how your own life was influenced, research findings, a plot summary, or any combination of tactics, to grab your reader's attention.
8 Examples of Openings Everyone thinks -----, but... Statistically, in Singapore, ....I remember what it was like when...What is ---?
9 Developing a Thesis Central idea = thesis contains your view of your topic, your reason for writing, your goalit asserts something about itoften expressed in a single sentence called the thesis sentence
10 Constructing a Thesis Sentence is an assertion, not a statement of fact or an observation.takes a stand rather than announces a subject.is narrow, rather than broadis specific rather than vague or general.broad
11 Forecastinggives your reader an initial sense of an essay's meaning and organizationpreviews what lies aheadan effective way to tell your reader in advance about the organization of your composition.
12 Supporting Paragraphs you should go beyond the 3 paragraphs by noweach paragraph should have: - a topic sentence - supporting sentences and - a concluding sentencea paragraph should be coherent, unified and well developed
13 Purposes of TOPIC SENTENCES to state the main points of a paragraphto give the reader a sense of direction (indicate what information will follow)to summarize the paragraph's main point
14 Supporting Sentences must relate to the topic sentence should contain specific, concrete details and examples rather than vague or generalized statementsTo develop a paragraph: - add examples/ illustrations/ data - tell a story that illustrates the point you're making - compare and contrast - use analogies (e.g., "X is similar to Y because") - state facts - give definitions
15 Writing Conclusions stress the importance of the thesis statement give the essay a sense of completeness, andleave a final impression on the reader
16 Suggestions (1) Answer the question "So What?“: show your readers why this paper was important and that it was meaningful and usefulSynthesize, don't summarize:don't simply repeat things that were in your paper; show them how the points you made and the support and examples you used were not random, but fit together
17 Suggestions (2) Redirect your readers: give your reader something to think about, perhaps a way to use your paper in the "real" worldChallenge the reader:helping them to redirect the information in the paper and perhaps apply it to their own lives
18 Suggestions (3) Looking to the future: emphasize the importance of your paper or redirect the readers' thought processPosing questions:help your readers gain a new perspective on the topic, which they may not have held before reading your conclusionit may also bring your main ideas together to create a new meaning