2 A Satellite View NORTH AFRICA = ARAB AFRICA Sub-Saharan Africa = Black Africa
3 Africa’s Size Second largest continent 11,700,000 sq. mi. M I L E SM I L E SSecond largest continent 11,700,000 sq. mi.10% of the world’s population.2 ½ times the size of the U. S.
4 Bodies Of Water Mediterranean Sea Red Sea Nile River Niger River L. Chad--><--Gulf of AdenL. Albert-->Congo RiverL. VictoriaL. Tanganyika->Indian OceanAtlantic OceanZambezi RiverLimpopo RiverOrange RiverPacific Ocean
5 The Mighty Nile River: “Longest River in the World”
6 The Congo River Basin Covers 12% of the continent. Extends over 9 countries.2,720 miles long.99% of the country of Zaire is in the Congo River basin.
7 The Niger River Basin Covers 7.5% of the continent. Extends over 10 countries.2,600 miles long.AfDB and Niger River Basin Officials Meet
12 DesertificationThe main cause of desertification is due to severe drought. In addition, grazing herds of animals leave the grass so destroyed that the top layer of soil eventually turns to dust. Over time the combination of the two leave behind miles of desert.
13 The SahelSemi-arid tropical savanna eco-region in Africa, which forms the transition between the Sahara to the north and the slightly less arid savanna belt to the south, known as the Sudan (not to be confused with the country of the same name).