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Chapter 18 Economic Development.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18 Economic Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 18 Economic Development

2 Economic Development Refers to how advanced an economy is.
Industrialized or More Developed Nations have advanced economies and higher standards of living First World, highly developed, developed Less Developed Nations have less advanced economies and lower standards of living Third World, Underdeveloped Countries in the middle of this spectrum are considered “emerging economies” or “newly industrialized nations” developing

3 Indicators of Development
Human Development Index developed by the United Nations and is used to rank countries based on level of economic development Considers demographic, economic, social, and political indicators.

4 Demographic Indicators
Relate to population Life Expectancy Average number of years an individual is expected to live. Birth and Death Rates How many people are born and die for every thousand people in a given year. Low Birth/Death rates-developed countries- High Birth/Death rates-developing countries Infant Mortality Rate Number of infants that die for every thousand born.

5 Demographic Indicators
More Developed Nations Less Developed Nations Low Birth Rate Low Death Rate Low Infant Mortality Rate Long Life Expectancy High Birth Rate High Death Rate High Infant Mortality Rate Shorter Life Expectancy

6 Economic Indicators Show how well an economy is performing.

7 Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P.)
The total value of all goods and services produced by a nation in a year within its borders.

8 Gross Domestic Product per capita
G.D.P./number of people. Value of goods and services produced in a year in a nation by an average person. Other indicators include number of cars, phones, televisions and computers.


10 Economic Indicators Cont.
More Developed Nations Less Developed Nations High G.D.P. per capita. Higher standard of living More productivity because of machinery, computers, and other high-tech tools. Low G.D.P. per capita Concentrate on agriculture Lack investment Less productivity and competition

11 Social Indicators Measure social services provided to a nation’s citizens Literacy Rates Percentage of people who can read and write Percentage of people attending places of higher education. Number of professional people (Doctors, Lawyers, etc). Housing Water Supply Sanitation

12 Social Indicators More Developed Nations Less Developed Nations
High literacy rate Greater percentage of people attending college and universities More doctors and hospitals Lower literacy rate Lower percentage of people attending college and universities Less doctors and hospitals

13 Political Indicators These indicators include: Freedoms people enjoy
Degree of democracy and voting rights Level of human rights Degree of government opposition Tolerance for different points of view


15 Government Relation There is NOT a direct relationship between economic development and a nation’s system of government. A nation’s economic system could help transform its political system.

16 Economic Activities A nation’s level of economic development is closely tied to the types of economic activities occurring. More advanced economic development = More advanced economic activities. Four Main Groups

17 Primary Economic Activities
Involve the production of foods and the extraction of natural resources. Agriculture, mining, logging, fishing, etc. First-Level In a less developed country most people will engage in primary activities.

18 Secondary Economic Activities
Focus on manufacturing and production of goods, such as the making of textiles, furniture, and automobiles Second-Level In developing nations large numbers of people are engaged in secondary economic activities.

19 Tertiary Economic Activities
Deal with services Third-Level Identified by a variety of services performed by people and businesses

20 Quaternary Economic Activities
Consist of those involving information processing and management Fourth-Level In more developed nations the majority of workers are engaged in tertiary or quaternary economic activities.

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