5 Level of DevelopmentDevelopment: Steady improvements in a country’s economy and in people’s quality of life.Geographers use measures of development to analyze progress among different nations.
6 Measures of Development Gross National Product (GNP)-total value of goods & services a country produces in a year.Includes U.S. companies located in foreign countries
7 2. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – Includes only goods and services created within the country. 3. Per Capita GDP – GDP divided by the number people living in a country. Useful for comparing income levels in different countries.Ex: US - $42,000Haiti - $1,600
8 4. Level of industrialization – Industrialized means there is widespread machine power and manufacturing. If not, mostly manual labor and subsistence farming.
9 Additional Measures 5. Energy Use 6. Transportation Systems 7. Communications Systems (TVs, phones, Internet)Ex: United States –844 televisions per 1,000 pplHaiti – 5 televisions per 1,000 ppl
10 8. Infrastructure – A system of roads, ports, and other facilities needed by a modern economy.
11 Standard of LivingMeasured by factors like amount of personal income, levels of education, and food consumption.Literacy Rate: the % of people who can read and write.Quality of healthcare, technology level, and life expectancy.