Presentation on theme: "Program for Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines Report to the Committee on Hemispheric Security March 26, 2015 Department of Public Security."— Presentation transcript:
Program for Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines Report to the Committee on Hemispheric Security March 26, 2015 Department of Public Security Secretariat for Multidimensional Security AICMA
Mandate “Convert the Americas into the world’s first antipersonnel land mine-free zone.” - OAS General Assembly, 2014 - OAS General Assembly, 2014 Resolution 2866, “Advancing Hemispheric Security: A Multidimensional Approach” AICMA Program Mission Statement: To provide financial, technical, logistical, and administrative support to member states that so request, to assist them in their efforts to mitigate and eliminate the impact of antipersonnel mines on their peoples and their economies.
AICMA MineAction Components Humanitariandemining Education Education on mine risks on mine risks Victimassistance Stockpile Stockpile destruction destruction Promotion of the Ottawa Convention
AICMA Program Structure Humanitarian vision Multilateral participation International financing and monitoring Civilian-military cooperation OAS AIC M A Technical Partners Donors Member States National Authorities National capacity-building
AICMA AICMA milestones 5 antipersonnel mine-free countries Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Suriname Destruction of 1 million stockpiled mines Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Peru Clearance of 200,000 mines and unexploded munitions 1,700 land mine survivors helped with rehabilitation and socioeconomic reintegration 1 million inhabitants in 1,500 communities sensitized about mine risks
Colombia – Support for demining Current and future zones of operations Completed zones of operations Situation 35 military minefields completed in 2010 10 operational demining units (400 mine clearers) HALO Trust accredited with 160 mine clearers Area cleared using technical means in 2014: 525,091 m 2 Area released through non-technical surveys in 2014: 1,400,000 m 2 Projections 2015-2017 18 additional units (700 mine clearers) programmed Post-conflict preparations AIC M A
Colombia: A comprehensive effort Developmentprojects Mine clearing Security Delivery of lands Information gathering Education in mine risks Victim identification and support Appreciation for socioeconomic impact Community liaison
AICMA Colombia: Quality management Under the Technical Assistance and Cooperation Agreement between Colombia and the GS/OAS, AICMA: Monitors demining activities to ensure process quality Inspects cleared areas for quality control of lands to be delivered to communities Evaluates documentation, operating procedures, and technical capacities of civilian entities seeking accreditation to engage in humanitarian demining activities In 2014, AICMA: Monitored 397 non-technical studies Made 520 on-site visits to verify compliance with approved demining procedures and national standards Inspected 18 cleared areas for quality control Evaluated new mine clearers for accreditation
AICMA Victim assistance Bridging gaps in national systems Identification and registration of survivors Transport, board, and lodging to facilitate access to rehabilitation centers and enable socioeconomic reintegration Support for rehabilitation for the vision- and hearing-impaired Collaboration with national and international partners International organizations Nongovernmental organizations Private sector Persons assisted in 2014 Colombia: 109 Peru: 35 Ecuador: 4
AICMA Regional training Course on demining and destruction of explosive devices Annual eight-week course to train supervisors and trainers International Demining Center, Hoyo de Manzanares, Spain Funding from the Spanish Ministry of Defense and AICMA 13 technicians from Ecuador, Colombia, and Honduras in 2014 13 technicians from Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Paraguay in 2015
AICMA Third Review Conference Maputo, Mozambique, June 23 to 27, 2014 Review of progress on the Cartagena Action Plan Formulation of the Maputo Action Plan Relevant issues OAS states parties have ended production Non-state armed groups continue to use mines in Colombia OAS states parties have completed stockpile destruction Nicaragua and Venezuela have completed their demining since the Second Conference Approval of extended deadlines for completing demining: Argentina (2020), Chile (2020), Colombia (2021), Ecuador (2017), Peru (2017) Colombia and Peru have considerable numbers of victims and maintain comprehensive assistance programs.
AICMA Final considerations Mines remain a problem in a number of member states. National ownership of efforts is critical to achieving the goal of a mine-free Hemisphere. AICMA continues to support this effort but it needs strengthening if OAS support for member states is to be sustained. “THE GOAL IS ACHIEVABLE”
Thank you very much. AICMA COMPREHENSIVE ACTION AGAINST ANTIPERSONNEL MINES Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines Carl E. Case, General Coordinator Tel. 202-370-4680 CCase@oas.org