Presentation on theme: "Newton Paciornik Ministry of Science and Technology General Coordination on Global Climate Change Capacity-building in Brazil."— Presentation transcript:
Newton Paciornik Ministry of Science and Technology General Coordination on Global Climate Change Capacity-building in Brazil
Brazil Area: 8,514,876.6 km 2. 184 millions inhabitants; 95% in urban area. More than 95% of Brazil’s electricity is generated by hydroelectric power plants and over 60% of its energy matrix is supplied by renewable sources. Brazilian GDP: US$594 billion (2004) Brazil – General Information
General Coordination on Global Climate Change Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology Minister of Science and Technology SecretariatSecretariat of Research and Development Policies and Programs Secretariat Coordination General Coordination General Coordination on Global Climate Change General Coordination
MCT’s General Coordination on Global Climate Change Technical focal point of climate change issues in Brazil since 1994; Climate Change Programme created after ratification of UNFCCC by Brazil (February 1994). The General Coordination is also the Executive Secretariat of the Brazilian Designated National Authority (DNA) under the CDM, which is the Interministerial Commission on Global Climate Change (CIMGC).
MCT’s General-Coordination on Global Climate Change National Communications Coordination of Funds Technical assistance in negotiations Commitments under Article 6 (Education, Training and Public Awareness)
MCT’s General-Coordination on Global Climate Change National Communications The Initial National Communication of Brazil to the UNFCCC comprised the inventory of greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 to 1994 and it was presented during the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP-10) in Buenos Aires, in December 2004. The Brazilian Inventory had the participation of experts from various fields and several Ministries; federal, state and local institutions; industry associations; NGOs; universities; and research centres (150 entities and 700 experts involved).
MCT’s General-Coordination on Global Climate Change Initial National Communication Development Process Central Coordination: MCT (August 1994) Challenge: Low Level of Awareness Implementing Entities – effort 1995/2004 Criteria: efficiency; cost/benefit; decentralization; develop capacity-building. Financing: GEF, USCS, Federal Budget (2000/2004), ELETROBRAS, IBAMA and FAPESP
MCT’s General-Coordination on Global Climate Change National Communications The Second National Communication will comprise data from 1994 to 2000 and it is expected to be finalized by 2008. Work on the Second National Communication has already started. Expect to develop even more capacity-building than the first one.
MCT’s General-Coordination on Global Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness: - Documents translated and published (Convention and Protocol text, IPCC publications); - Brochures on Climate Change published and distributed; - Manual on CDM; - Website in four languages (Portuguese, English, Spanish and French)
Brazil also provided support to some climate change-related capacity-building activities to assist other developing countries on a South-South cooperation basis.
“Training in Modeling of Eta/CPTEC Climate Change Scenarios” carried out at the Brazilian Space Research Institute (INPE) – 13-18 July, 2008. Countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, Uruguay, Venezuela and Spain (52 participants). This training activity was financed by the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology and by the Spanish Government. The experts at this event could exchange experiences with other developing countries in Latin America and helped to improve the Eta/CPTEC model so that any country in the region could use it.
Technical Visit of Botswana’s Delegation – August 5-12, 2008. Main objective of the visit: to understand the rules and procedures adopted by the Brazilian DNA for assessment and approval of CDM project activities in Brazil, including administrative procedures, legal issues, technical assessment and information technology. And also on-site visits to successful CDM projects and to key stakeholders.
Technical cooperation in Cape Verde: CDM activities, DNA procedures, greenhouse gas inventory and national communication Technical cooperation in Sao Tome and Principe: CDM activities, greenhouse gas inventory and vulnerability and adaptation.
Designated Operational Entity (DOE) Accreditation Workshop – São Paulo, 28 October 2008. Objective: To capacity Brazilian entities to become CDM DOE’s to improve CDM activities in Brazil, making the process easier and cheaper.