Presentation on theme: "For Sustainable Development"— Presentation transcript:
1 For Sustainable Development Global StrategiesFor Sustainable Development
2 Global StrategiesGovernments first actively addressed the issues of global environmental needs when they gathered in Stockholm in 1972 to take part in the UN Conference on Human EnvironmentThe focus of the conference was international cooperation regarding the problems the Earth’s environment was facing.Web link about first conference and how it led to the Kyoto Protocol
3 Global StrategiesGlobal Conferences provide a platform for the development for the global strategies for sustainable developmentRio de Janeiro – June 1992Kyoto – December 1997Johannesburg – September 2002Bali – December 2007PDF File of Lovins and Lovins extract to download and readVideo clip from YouTube: The Bigger PictureWeb link to UN Documents of Global conferencesWatch DVD: Al Gore - An Inconvenient TruthCheck out the links
4 Rio de JaneiroThe next UN Conference on Environment and Development took Place in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, 20 years after StockholmThis time, as the theme of the conference suggests, the participating countries focused on a broader issue, namely, the relationship between environmental trends and development at the national and international levels.The Rio Convention, also known as the “Earth Summit” produced the Rio Declaration and Agenda 21 (a plan of action for the UN organizations, Governments, and Major Groups in areas where human activities have a negative impact on the environment)And also led to agreement on two other conventions which became open for signaturethe Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC)Biological Diversity, both legally binding.
5 Rio de Janeiro Outcomes The FCCC the most important of the products of the Rio Convention in terms of leading to the preparation of the Kyoto Protocol.The FCCC was signed by 154 countries in 1992.Its key points were:Stabilization of the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, while also ensuring food production is not put under threat, and allowing for economic development to proceed.Developed countries should take the initiative in reducing levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphereNo specific greenhouse-gas-reduction aims, time frames, or penalties for violators were agreed onthe participating countries decided on meeting at COPs (Conferences of the Parties) on a regular basis to work on the implementation of the Convention’s objectives.T
6 Kyoto ProtocolAfter 3 Conferences of the Parties (COPs) meeting in Berlin and Geneva, eventually in Kyoto, Japan in December 1997 the member countries prepared the Kyoto ProtocolThe Kyoto Protocol decided upon:Emission-reduction targets of greenhouse gases for each of the member countriesA greenhouse gas emission-trading programHolding future meetings to set penalties for violators of the established targets and regulation rules of the emission-trading programUnder The leadership of President Bush, America did not support the ProtocolThe Kyoto Protocol finally came into effect on February 16, 2005
7 JohannesburgThe World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), held in Johannesburg, South Africa from August 26 to September , focused the world's attention and direct action on meeting difficult challenges, including improving people's lives and conserving our natural resources in a world that is growing in population, with ever-increasing demands for food, water, shelter, sanitation, energy, health services and economic security.
8 Johannesburg The main focus of the conference being: OceansCoastsIslandOne of the main successes was that governments agreed to halve the number of people lacking clean drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015.
9 Bali United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali – December 2007 The Conference brings together representatives of over 180 countries together with observers from intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations, and the mediaThe two week period includes the sessions of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC, its subsidiary bodies as well as the Meeting of the Parties of the Kyoto ProtocolA ministerial segment in the second week will conclude the Conference.2 YouTube videos from CNN from Conference in Bali4 links to news articles published whilst the conference was onCheck out the links
10 BaliThe aim is to produce ambitious results capable of providing a global response to the challenges of climate change and in particular:The satisfactory implementation of the Kyoto Protocol for the periodThe adoption of a “road map” leading to a global agreement by 2009 for post 2012The need to perpetuate and develop the Kyoto Protocol mechanismsAnd the formulation of a differentiated contribution from emerging countries and other developing countries
11 Links & BibliographyDVD Al Gore An Inconvenient TruthHawken, Lovins & Lovins (1999) Natural Capitalism, Little, Brown