The Summit was convened for addressing urgent problems environmental protection and socio-economic development at the global level. The assembled leaders signed the Declaration on Global Climatic Change and Biological Diversity.
“Our Common Future” Publication of “Our Common Future” by the UN World Commission on Environment and Development in 1987 “Brundtland Report,” Publication of the “Brundtland Report,” a landmark report establishing the need for sustainable development in industrialized and developing countries.
It is the declaration signed by world leaders in 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), which took place at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It aims at achieving global sustainable development.
It is an agenda to combat environmental damage, poverty, disease through global co-operation on common interests, mutual needs and shared responsibilities. One major objective of the Agenda 21 is that every local government should draw its own local Agenda 21.
- is our own national agenda for sustainable development. - recognizes three key actors in sustainable development, and their roles in different realms of society The Principles of Unity The Action Agenda The Implementation Strategies
“Limits to Growth”1971 UN Conference on Human Settlements and Environment 1972 World Commission on Environment and Development 1983 “Our Common Future” 1987 UN Conference on Environment and Development 1992 Philippine Strategies on Sustainable Development 1989 Philippine Agenda 21 1996
Stockholm Convention The Stockholm Convention held 30 years ago. The whole world agreed on the urgent need to respond to the problem of environmental deterioration. Stockholm Convention
Sustainable Development It was agreed that the protection of the environment, and social and economic development are fundamental to Sustainable Development (based on the Rio Principles). To achieve such development, the global program Agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration to reaffirm global commitment were adopted. Agenda 21 The Agenda 21 was localized based on the maxim “Think globally, Act Locally” through our Philippine Agenda 21.
Sustainable Development - it is the harmonious integration of a sound and viable economy ; responsible governance; social cohesion; and ecological integrity to ensure that development is a life-sustaining process. Sustainable Development = Economic Development + Environment Protection + Social Reform + People’s Empowerment
Political Economic Institutional Technological Socio-cultural Ecological
Maintaining a sustainable population Maintaining productivity and profitability of environment and natural resources Economic Adopting environmental management weapons in policy and decision making Protecting the environment and conserving natural resources Ecological Promoting proper management of wastes and residuals Adopting environment-friendly technologies
Empowering the people Maintaining peace and order Promoting resource access and upholding property rights Promoting environmental awareness, inculcating env ethics and supporting env management action Improving institutional capacity/ capability to manage sustainable development
Primacy of Developing Full Human Potential This puts man at the center of all development efforts. Holistic Science and Appropriate Technology. Implies development of appropriate technology to solve development problems with due consideration to its impact to society and ecology. Cultural, Moral and Spiritual Sensitivity. Considers the inherent strengths of local and indigenous knowledge, practices and beliefs, while respecting cultural diversity, moral standards and the spiritual nature of the Filipino society.
Global warming refers to the current rise in the average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans and its projected continuation. It is caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases produced by human activities such as deforestation and burning fossil fuels.
An increase in global temperature will cause sea levels to rise and will change the amount and pattern of precipitation, and a probable expansion of subtropical deserts. Other likely effects of the warming include more frequent occurrence of extreme weather events including heat waves, droughts and heavy rainfall events, species extinctions due to shifting temperature regimes, and changes in crop yields. Problems caused by global warming
Most countries are parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC),whose ultimate objective is to prevent "dangerous" anthropogenic (i.e., human-induced) climate change. Parties to the UNFCCC have adopted a range of policies designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to assist in adaptation to global warming.