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Origins of the Cold War 1945 to 1950.

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Presentation on theme: "Origins of the Cold War 1945 to 1950."— Presentation transcript:

1 Origins of the Cold War 1945 to 1950

2 VS I.) Conflicts Begin WWII alliance dissolves due to differences
1. Great Britain power falls (third place) 2. France rebuilding from the war WWII leaves two “Super Powers” 1. Soviet Union = Communist 2. United States = Democracy VS

3 Outcome: struggle between Communism and Democracy called the Cold War (USSR=East, USA = West) Definition of Cold War: political tension and military rivalry between nations that stops short of full-scale war

4 The Ideological Struggle (Beliefs)
Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations [“Iron Curtain”] US & the Western Democracies GOAL  “Containment” of Communism & the eventual collapse of the Communist world. GOAL  spread world-wide Communism The Ideological Struggle (Beliefs)


6 The Bipolarization of Europe

7 II.) The Iron Curtain Emerges
A. Soviet Union wanted to protect itself from any future attacks Result: Stalin creates the Iron Curtain (communist nations along western border of the Soviet Union) “Term Iron Curtain Coined By Winston Churchill”


9 III.) Truman Doctrine A. Civil War breaks out in Greece 1. Communists vs. Conservatives B. March 2, 1947 President Truman issues the Truman Doctrine (communism a threat and must support free peoples resisting threat) Outcome: Congress provides money & assistance to Greece to stop rebellion

10 The Truman Doctrine in March promised that the USA “would support free peoples who are resisting subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures”. Promised to provide economic and military aid to oppose the spread of communism Sent millions of dollars in aid to Greece and Turkey It signalled the end of “isolationst” policies.

11 What were the agreements made during the war that helped lead to the Cold War?
Tehran – Invade already Potsdam – Unconditional Surrender Yalta – The Big Three make the BIG decisions Split up Germany into four sectors USSR in UN “I promise to support democracy” Stalin Soviets will help with Japan

12 IV.) Marshall Plan A. Western leaders fear poverty & destruction
of WWII might lead to communism B. Marshall Plan (Economic Assistance plan by U.S. that provided money to nations in Europe to rebuild & foster cooperation) Outcome: Western Europe recovers (The Soviet Union (USSR) prevented Eastern European countries from receiving American money.)

13 C. Policy of Containment: prevent the further spread of communism

14 V.) Cold War in Europe A. In 1947 Soviets create Cominform (unify all European communist parties) B. Communism spreads: : Czechoslovakia : Yugoslavia

15 Divided Germany Iron Curtain – A term used by Winston Churchill
to describe the separating of Those communist lands of East Europe from the West. Divided Germany

16 Improve your knowledge
Divided Berlin The Russians took very high casualties to capture Berlin in May They spent the early occupation trying to take over all zones of the city but were stopped by German democrats such as Willy Brandt and Konrad Adenauer. Reluctantly the Russians had to admit the Americans, French and British to their respective zones.

17 VI.) Division of Germany
A. June 1948: Soviets blockade Berlin Result: Berlin Airlift: U.S. and Britain provide food and supplies by air drops to West Berlin Outcome: Soviets lift blockade May 1949

18 B. May 1949: Federal Republic of Germany created (West Germany) C
B. May 1949: Federal Republic of Germany created (West Germany) C. October 1949: German Democratic Republic created (East Germany)

19 VII.) Cold War Alliances
Need for alliances begin: = Mao Zedong defeats Chiang Kai-shek in Chinese Civil War Outcome: China is now Communist!!

20 2. The Soviet Union explodes its first A-bomb in 1949.
Outcome: Now there are two nations with nuclear weapons!

21 Nuclear tensions The USA had shown its atomic power when it exploded the A-bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of World War 2. The USSR was also developing atomic weapons/bombs. The USA and the USSR were in competition with each other to have the best, most powerful weapons in the world – this was called the Arms Race.

22 Write a quick analysis of this cartoon:
Downloaded from Write a quick analysis of this cartoon:

23 Improve your knowledge
The nuclear bomb gave America a lead which was expected to last at least 5 years. The rapid Russian development of nuclear technology, helped by the work of the “atom spies” was a shock. Significantly, Russia hurriedly declared war against Japan at the beginning of August 1945 and rushed to advance into Asia to stake out a position for the post- war settlement. This helped make both the Korean and Vietnamese conflicts more likely.

24 NATO: 12 Western nations sign a political and military alliance 1
NATO: 12 Western nations sign a political and military alliance 1. if one nation is attacked then all members will respond

25 Warsaw Pact: Eastern Bloc nations form a mutual defense alliance


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