Presentation on theme: "Understanding Biography, Autobiography, and Memoir"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding Biography, Autobiography, and Memoir NonfictionUnderstanding Biography, Autobiography, and Memoir
2 BiographyStory of a person’s life, told by someone other than that personWriters of biographies often rely on the following primary sources:LettersDiariesJournalsInterviews
3 Biography Source: evidence of an event, idea, or a development Primary source: direct evidence, or proof that comes straight from those involvedThe use of sources helps biographers and other writers find the most accurate and trustworthy information.
4 Autobiography & Memoir The story of a person’s life, written by that personAn autobiography expresses the first-person point of view and uses the pronoun “I.”A memoir is often confused with an autobiography and both terms are often used interchangeably.The main difference between an autobiography and a memoir is that, generally, an autobiography includes all or most of the significant experiences of the subject’s life, whereas a memoir typically focuses on one or more particular incidents or people who have been important to the memoirist.
5 Autobiography & Memoir Another difference between the two forms is the order in which events unfold.Autobiographies are often written in chronological order, with details arranged in the order in which they occurred.Memoirs are usually less structured.
6 How to Read Biography, Autobiography, and Memoir
7 2 Common Purposes1. Read to find out about a person’s life. If reading for this purpose, a graphic organizer like a time line can be used to keep track of important events.2. Read to learn more about someone’s character. You read with this purpose when you want to know what this person is really like in his or her everyday life.
9 EssayA short nonfiction work that presents a single main idea, or thesis, about a particular topic.Types of essays:1. Expository Essay: explores a topic with the goal of informing or enlightening readers2. Persuasive Essay: aims to convince the reader to accept a certain point of view3. Personal Essay: explores a topic related to the life or interests of the writer
10 Speeches A public address written to be delivered orally. Types of speeches:1. Impromptu Speech: a speech that requires no advance preparation2. Memorized Speech: requires more preparation in that the speaker writes and memorizes the speech word for word3. Extemporaneous Speech: these are speeches that are prepared and rehearsed ahead of time
11 Informational TextA form of nonfiction that aims to convey or explain informationTypes of Informational Text:1. Articles: an informational piece of writing about a particular topic, issue, event, or series of events2. How-to Writing: tells the reader, in detail, how to do something3. Websites: an electronic source of information that is available through the Internet4. Graphic aids: charts, graphs, maps, diagrams, spreadsheets, drawings, and illustrations are visual materials that present information in understandable ways
12 Author’s Purpose in Nonfiction Purpose: a writer’s aim or goalThe following chart lists some of the modes, or forms, and purposes of writing. A piece of writing can have more than one purpose and may be written in more than one mode. It may then incorporate description, factual information, and a persuasive appeal to convince the reader to adopt a particular point of view.
13 Mode of WritingPurposeExamplesExpositoryTo informNews article, research reportNarrativeTo express thoughts or ideas, or to tell a storyPersonal account, memoirDescriptiveTo portray a person, place, object, or eventTravel brochure, personal profilePersuasiveTo convince people to accept a position and respond in some wayEditorial, petition