2 Types of Nonfiction Biographies Autobiographies Essays Informative articleInterview
3 What is a biography anyway? A writer writes a story telling us about another person’s life.The person whose life is being described is called the SubjectIt is usually written in third-person point of view, using pronouns such as she, he, her, himA little Greek:Biography comes from 2 Greek wordsBios meaning “life”Graphein meaning “to write”
4 What is an autobiography? Is the story of a person’s life, told by that person.They are almost always written in first-person point of view, using pronouns I and meShorter types of autobiographies are journals, diaries, letters, and memoirs
5 So what’s the difference? BiographySomeone else writes the story about someone elseAutobiographyA person writes a story about themselves
6 What is an essay?Is a short work of nonfiction that deals with one subject.There are three types of essays:ExpositoryPersonalPersuasive
7 Types of EssaysExpository: is a formal essay to present or explain information and ideasPersonal: is a less formal essay that expresses a writer’s thoughts and feelingsPersuasive: an essay that develops an argument and tries to persuade readers to agree with the writer
8 What is an informative article? Provides facts about a subject.Examples: magazine articles, newspaper articles, and feature stories
9 What is an interview?Is a conversation in which one person asks questions of another person to get information.The interviewer takes notes or records the conversation to get an accurate account of what was said.
10 Setting a purposeWhen you read non-fiction you want to find the main idea and details,Main idea: is the most important point about the topicDetails: include words, phrases, or sentences that support or explain the main idea.So, what is a reading skill we can use to read non-fiction?
11 Reading Skill : SQ3RSurvey: preview the text. Glance quickly at the headings, vocabulary words, and illustrations. Skim the captions, which explain the illustrations and read the first and last sentence of each paragraphQuestion: List the questions you’d like to ask about the text based on your survey.
12 SQ3R ContinuedRead: Read the text carefully to find ideas and information that will answer your questions. Take notes.Retell: Write responses to your questions in your own words. Try to hit the main points and include important details. You might want to say your answers out loud before you write them down.
13 SQ3R ContinuedReview: Start your review by looking over your completed SQ3R organizer.Try covering up the answers in the “Read and Takes Notes” and “Retell” boxes to see if you can answer your questions without looking at your notes. Then write a summary of the text.
14 Lets practiceNewspaper article from The Herald Sun
15 Survey:QuestionRead and Take NotesRetellReview Summary