Presentation on theme: "Lesson 3-4. TSW describe the relationship between poor personal health and wellness habits and common chronic diseases. TSW analyze the behavioral and."— Presentation transcript:
TSW describe the relationship between poor personal health and wellness habits and common chronic diseases. TSW analyze the behavioral and environmental risk factors that contribute to the major chronic diseases.
The choices you make today can affect your long-term health and quality of life. On a piece of paper, write whether you agree or disagree with this sentence and explain why. Be sure to give an example that supports your opinion.
What do you think are the top 5 leading causes of death in the US for adults? What do you think are the top 5 leading causes of death in the US for teens?
Ask and Discuss What do you notice based on the pie charts? Summarize Heart disease and Cancer – more common as you get older Top 3 for under the age of 24 – 1) unintentional injuries, 2) homicide, 3) suicide Top 3 for 25-44 – 1) unintentional injuries, 2) cancer, 3) heart disease
Survey Were your earlier guesses about the leading causes of death for adults and teens correct? Summarize When you look at all age groups combined, 7 out of 10 of the leading causes of death are noninfectious, chronic diseases.
Explain Noninfectious diseases – develop inside a person’s body and can’t be “caught” or passed on Two ways to develop – heredity and lifestyle choices Chronic diseases – disease is ongoing or lasts a long time, develops slowly, can be mild to life threatening Most are not curable but manageable Examples Tuberculosis – infectious bacterial disease HIV – life threatening disease that leads to AIDS Hepatitis – infectious disease that damages the liver
Survey What do you know about the chronic diseases that are some of the leading causes of death for adults in the US? Summarize Heart Disease (cardiovascular disease) – describe a range of diseases that affect the heart, narrowing/blocked blood vessels, causes chest pain (angina), heart attacks, heart beating rhythm (arrhythmias), heart problem born with (congenital heart defects) Cancer – a number of diseases caused by the development of abnormal cells, cells rapidly divide and destroy body tissues, affects many organs and systems, can spread throughout the body, 2 nd leading cause of death, survival rates are improving
Chronic lung disease – emphysema, chronic bronchitis, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), airway or air sacs become inflamed or damaged which makes it difficult to breathe Alzheimer’s disease – damages and kills damages brain cells, leads to progressive loss of memory, caused by fewer cells and fewer connections among cells Stroke – the blood flow to part of the brain is stopped or greatly reduced, within minutes with no oxygen – brain begins to die, caused by Cerebrovascular disease – arteries in brain become narrow or blocked
Diabetes – disease that affects how the body uses blood glucose (blood sugar), insulin helps cells absorb glucose, there is too much glucose and not enough insulin, 1) Type 1 – pancreas can not make enough insulin, born with it, 2) Type 2 – linked to being overweight, cells became resistant to insulin, 3) Gestational diabetes – occurs in some women during pregnancy Kidney disease – loss of kidney function, caused by dangerous levels of fluids and waste in body, requires daily dialysis or artificial filtering of the blood
Ask and Discuss Do you think a person has any control whether he or she develops a chronic disease? Why or why not? Summarize Remember – heredity and lifestyle choices Explain Risk factors – increases the chance that a person will develop a particular disease More risk factors – more likely to develop disease Remember – decrease your chances of getting a chronic disease by decreasing risk factors you control
Complete and Share Which of these risk factors could be changed? These are sometimes called modifiable risk factors Which of these factors can’t not be changed? These are sometimes called nonmodifiable risk factors
Complete and Share Logon to your MyBigCampus and fill in you Risk Factor chart Ask and Discuss What would you say are the most common modifiable risk factors for the chronic diseases we’ve looked at?
Summarize Most common modifiable risk factors: Tobacco use Excessive alcohol use Unhealthy eating habits Physical activity Responsible for illness, suffering and death Good news – people can change Bad news – usually happens when its too late Ask and Discuss Do you think most people your age worry about chronic disease? Why or why not? Why might it be difficult for someone who isn’t suffering from a chronic disease yet to modify his or her risk factors?
Summarize Chronic diseases don’t start till your older Many are unaware of risk factors until its too late Review These are some health habits related to preventing common chronic diseases. How are you doing in this area? Could you improve any of these habits? Are there other actions you could add to lower your risk for chronic disease?
Close What’s one behavior you currently engage in that can help prevent one of the chronic diseases we discussed today?