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The Five Themes of Geography

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Presentation on theme: "The Five Themes of Geography"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Five Themes of Geography

2 What is Geography? Study of the earth and the way people live and work on it. Means “earth’s description.” Will help you understand the history of a civilization Uses 5 themes to explain what a place is like and why it is like that.

3 The 5 Themes of Geography
Location Place Human/Environmental Interaction Movement Regions

4 Compass Rose

5 Theme 1: Location Where is It? Why is it There?
Two Types of Location: Absolute Location A specific place on the Earth’s surface Uses a grid system Latitude and longitude A global address

6 Latitude Horizontal lines measured in degrees north or south of the Equator (0 Latitude) “Lat” rhymes with “Flat”


8 Longitude distance measured in degrees east or west from an imaginary line that goes from the North Pole to the South Pole

9 Relative Location The position of a place in relation to another. (Fair Lawn is north of Philadelphia) Northwest Northeast Southeast Southwest North South East West Fair Lawn

10 Practice: New Jersey New Jersey is boarded by New York to the _______and Pennsylvania to the _________. The Atlantic Ocean forms New Jersey's ____________coast.

11 Theme 2: Place Physical Characteristics
Land Features Mountains, plains, and plateaus Climate Bodies of Water

12 New Jersey: Physical Characteristics

13 Theme 2: Place Human Characteristics
People Culture Language Religion Buildings and Landmarks Cities

14 New Jersey: Human Characteristics

15 Theme 3: Human Environment Interaction
How People Interact With Their Environment People . . . Adapt to Their Environment Modify Their Environment Depend on Their Environment Example: American Westward Expansion of the 1800s.

16 Adapt to Their Environment

17 Modify Their Environment

18 Modify Their Environment

19 Modify Their Environment
Panama Canal

20 Depend on Their Environment

21 Theme 4: Movement How places are linked to one another and the world.
The Mobility of: People Goods Ideas Examples: Religion Languages Cultures

22 Theme 5: Regions What places have in common:
Political Regions (United States, New Jersey) Landform Regions (rivers, mountains) Agricultural Regions (Farmland, wheat, corn) Cultural Regions (language, arts)

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