Presentation on theme: "The Five Themes of Geography 1.Location 2.Place 3.Human-Environment Interaction 4.Movement 5.Regions."— Presentation transcript:
The Five Themes of Geography 1.Location 2.Place 3.Human-Environment Interaction 4.Movement 5.Regions
Theme 1: Location Where is It? Why is It There? Two Types of Location Absolute Relative
Absolute Location A specific place on the Earth’s surface Uses a grid system Latitude and longitude A global address
Absolute Location - Longitude Measured in degrees E or W of the Prime Meridian (0° - runs through Greenwich, England) 0° and 180° do not use direction The distance between lines of Longitude is larger towards the Equator and they converge at the poles
Absolute Location - Latitude Measured in degrees N or S of the Equator (0° - runs around the “center” of the globe) North Pole = 90° N South Pole = 90° S 0° does not use direction The distance between all lines of Latitude is equal –Each degree is approximately 69 miles
Absolute Location Latitude and Longitude are measured in: Degrees ° - Minutes ’ - Seconds ” Great Valley High School Latitude 40°N 3’ 26.40” Longitude 75°W 34’ 3.14”
Relative Location Where a place is in relation to another place Often uses directional words to describe –Cardinal and intermediate directions
Relative Location The United States is bordered to its NORTH by Canada and to its SOUTH by Mexico The Atlantic Ocean forms the US EAST coast and the Pacific Ocean its WEST coast. The United States is in the WESTERN HEMISPHERE The US is in NORTH AMERICA
Theme 2: Place Place describes the human and physical characteristics of a location.
Theme 2: Place Physical Characteristics Physical characteristics include a description such things as the mountains, rivers, beaches, topography, and animal and plant life of a place.
Theme 2: Place Human Characteristics Human characteristics include the human-designed cultural features of a place, from land use and architecture, to forms of livelihood and religion, to food and folk ways, to transportation and communication networks.
Theme 3: Human Environment Interaction How People Interact With Their Environment People... Adapt to Their Environment Modify Their Environment Depend on Their Environment
Pennsylvania: Human Environment Interaction Adapt To Their Environment Kinzua Dam – Allegany Forest
Pennsylvania: Human Environment Interaction Modify Their Environment Schuylkill Canal - Phoenixville
Pennsylvania: Human Environment Interaction Depend on Their Environment Amish Farmer in Lancaster
Theme 3: Human Environment Interaction This can also result in NEGATIVE results
Theme 4: Movement The Mobility of People Goods Ideas How Places are linked to one another and the world