3 Who is a Citizen?A natural born or naturalized person who pledges allegiance to a government and is entitled to protection from it.The 14th Amendment to the Constitution outlines who is a citizen
4 Natural Born Citizen:Person born within U. S. territory (ex. Puerto Rico, military base in foreign country)Person born outside of the United States with at least one American parentPerson born in the United States, but neither parent is a U. S. citizen
5 Naturalized Citizen:A person born in another country who has gone through a process to become an American citizen
6 Naturalization Process File an application with the United States Citizen and Immigration Services (USCIS).USCIS conducts a background check to ensure information is true.If application is approved, candidate has an interview with USCISAppear in court to take oath to the United States
7 Rights – Freedoms given to citizens Something citizens should do Responsibilities (Duties) –Something citizens shoulddo
8 CITIZENSHIP Rights (some) Responsibilities Outlined in Bill of Rights (amendments 1- 10)Freedom of speechFreedom of religionRight to bear armsRight to a fair trial and an attorneyAlso:Receive an education (K-12)Vote for political leadersRun for political officeand many more!Obey all lawsPay taxesServe in militaryServe on juryParticipate in communityBe informed about political issuesVote & elect political leadersand many more!
9 Citizens and Residents Types of American Residents – not all people who live in the U. S. are citizensCitizen - a natural born or naturalized personDocument that protects rights of citizens is ConstitutionTwo Unique Rights of a citizen:1. run for political office2. voteServing in military and serving on a jury are two civic responsibilities of being a citizen. Name two more:Aliens - Legal and IllegalRefugees - People pushed from their home seeking refuge in another land
10 Legal Residents Citizens Visa holders – temporary US residents (pay taxes, strong work ethic, talented, motivated individuals)Employment: employer files paperwork and pays for worker to come to USFamily Sponsored: family members file paper work and pay for immigrant to come to USEducational: issued to students who choose to study at American schools/universities
11 Legal ResidentsGreen Card holders – permanent US residents (cannot vote or run for office)Lawful permanent residents who are granted permission to reside and work legally in the USMust have a green card to apply for citizenship
12 Illegal ResidentsIllegal Aliens - anyone who resides in US without updated paperworkExamples : 1. Individuals with expired Visas2. Those who sneak into country illegallyApproximately 11 million undocumented residents live in the United States today.If anything, what should be done regarding these 11 million illegal residents?What does the Statue of Liberty symbolize?