2 Who are American citizens? The fourteenth Amendment defines a U.S. citizen as anyone “born or naturalized in the United States”
3 2 Ways to become an American Citizen By BirthBy Naturalization
4 By Birth By being born on American soil If both of your parents are American citizensOr if one of your parents are American citizens that have actually lived in the united states
5 Dual CitizenshipSome circumstances, Americans may hold dual citizenship.A child born abroad to American parents may be both a U.S. citizen and a citizen of the country of his or her birth
6 AliensNO not this kind.Aliens – any noncitizen living in the united statesSome come to study, to work, or to visit relative.Some aliens plan to settle here and become naturalized citizens. These are called Immigrants
7 ImmigrantsPeople who move permanently to a new country and undergo the naturalization process
8 The Naturalization Process Step 1. File a Declaration of Intention.Step 2. Live in U.S for 5 yearsStep 3. Learn English, Civics, U.S. History.Step 4. File an application of Naturalization.Step 5. Meeting with an immigration examiner.Step 6. Court Appearance/Oath of Allegiance
9 Citizen for LifeOnly the federal government can grant or revoke citizenshipA person can revoke their own citizenship, but one done can not regain citizenship
10 Aliens in AmericaThe united States restricts the number of immigrants who can enter the country.Relatives of citizens and people with needed job skills receive the highest priority
11 Immigration Act of 1990A new policy that benefits people with particular skills, talents, or the money to invest in the economy
12 Illegal AliensThere are 10 to 12 million aliens living in the United States illegallySome enter as temporary visitors but never leaveOther risk deportation by illegally crossing our borders with Mexico and Canada.
13 DeportationThe process of sending an illegal alien back to their home country.
14 Legal AliensAliens who have entered the United States legally lead lives much like American citizens.They hold jobs, pay taxes, and are entitled to legal protectionThey can not: vote in election, run for office, serve on juries, or work in most government jobs.They must also carry identification cards at all times