8 Pregnancy is Risky!Mothers and babies will be healthier because fewer pregnancies means less risks
9 More FoodFewer children means more food for each child
10 More TimeFewer children can mean more time for parents to spend with their children
11 EducationWaiting to have children can give women and men time to finish their education
12 Why is family planning hard? Some people want to have large familiesA woman’s husband might not want her to use family planningIt’s not accepted by some religionsA person might be afraid that others will think they’re having sex with someone other than their husband or wife if they are using protection
13 A person has the right to decide how many children they want to have It’s A Right!A person has the right to decide how many children they want to have
14 It’s a Right!A woman has the right to protect her health from the risks of pregnancy
15 What if a woman’s husband says NO? She must decide if she will use family planning anywaySome methods of family planning can be used without the man knowing
17 A Pregnancy Happens When… After a man ejaculates inside a woman, the man’s sperm and the woman’s egg join together to make a zygote.When the zygote attaches to the side of a woman’s womb, a pregnancy begins.
18 There are several methods of family planning Barrier MethodsHormonal MethodsIUDs (Intrauterine Devices)Natural MethodsPermanent MethodsAll of these methods (EXCEPT FOR PERMANENT METHODS) can be stopped at ANY time if a woman decides to get pregnant or if she decides to try a different method of family planning
19 Barrier methods work by physically preventing the man’s sperm from joining with the woman’s egg
20 Condoms An example of a barrier method Can be bought at the store or at a clinic or an agencyThe ONLY method of family planning that also protects against diseases
21 Hormones and Hormonal Methods Hormones are chemicals in the body.Men and women have different hormones.It is hormones that make men grow mustaches and women grow breasts.Hormones also determine when a woman can get pregnant (when she is “fertile”) by getting her body ready for pregnancy.
22 Hormonal MethodsWhen a woman uses a hormonal method of family planning, she puts hormones in her body that prevent her from getting pregnant by:Preventing her body from releasing an eggMaking it harder for the sperm to reach the eggKeeping the egg from sticking inside the womb
23 A woman needs to see a doctor to get a hormonal method!
24 Hormonal Methods The Pill Woman takes one pill every day at the same timeThe PatchWoman wears on her skin and changes once a week
25 Hormonal Methods Implants Inserted into the woman’s arm by a doctor Work for up to 3 yearsThe ShotWoman gets a shot every 3 months
26 Intrauterine Device: IUD Put into the womb by a doctorCan last for 5 or 10 yearsCan be removed when the woman decides she wants to get pregnant or at any other time
27 Natural MethodsNatural methods help a woman know when she is fertile, so that she can avoid having sex at that time.A woman is usually fertile during the middle days of her monthly bleeding cycleA woman is usually NOT fertile when she is breastfeeding for the first 6 months after her baby is born
28 Breastfeeding as a family planning method works only if: The baby is less than 6 months oldThe woman breastfeeds the baby every 6 hours and the baby eats no other foodHer monthly bleeding cycle hasn’t started yet
29 Permanent MethodsA doctor makes it impossible for men and women to have any more childrenThe operation for a man is called a VASECTOMYThe operation for a woman is called a TUBAL LIGATION
30 Vasectomy and Tubal Ligation DO NOT make sex any less pleasurable for men or womenDO NOT make sex any less desirable for men or womanMen are still able ejaculate, but the ejaculate liquid does not have sperm
31 Withdrawal or “Pulling Out” The man pulls his penis out of the vagina before he ejaculatesThis is NOT a very good method BUT it is better than not using any method of family planning at all
32 Methods That Do NOT Work Washing out the vagina(“douching”)Urinating after sexDoes NOT prevent pregnancy BUT it can help prevent some infectionsSperm move too fast and will reach the womb before they can be washed out
33 Emergency Family Planning If a man and a woman have sex without using any method of family planning, there are pills that a woman can take AFTERWARDS to prevent pregnancy, called “Emergency Contraception”
34 Emergency Family Planning A woman must take the pills within 5 days after sexEmergency family planning is most effective within 3 days after sexOnly effective if used soon after having sex.They are not as effective as consistent use of the other family planning methods talked aboutThey are safe but can cause unpleasant side effects.This should not be used in place of other methodsYou can get the pills after seeing a doctor or if you are over 18 years old you may get them at a pharmacy without seeing a doctor.
35 Emergency Family Planning These pills PREVENT pregnancy, they DO NOT stop a pregnancy if the woman is already pregnant
36 Where to get it?A person can buy CONDOMS at most stores. They can get them for free at some clinics.A person can get EMERGENCY FAMILY PLANNING at a pharmacy (if they are older than 17 years old)
37 Where to Get it?To get any of the other methods of family planning, a person has to call their doctorIf a woman is younger than 17 years old, she has to call her doctor to get emergency family planning.
38 Only you can decide what family planning method is right for you!