Complex Carbohydrates Complex carbohydrates break down into simple sugars in the digestion process. This process is what gives us longer lasting energy
Complex Carbohydrates Complex Carbohydrates Complex carbohydrates come from starchy foods such as whole grains, flour, seeds, nuts, vegetables and fruits.
Examples of Complex Carbohyrates 1. Rice 2. Pasta 3. Oatmeal 4. Breads 5. Potatoes and Corn 6. Some Cereals
3. Fiber is also a carbohydrate. It is found in whole grains, fruits and vegetables.
Some carbohydrates come from fruits and vegetables It is recommended that you make half your plate fruits and vegetables
Most carbohydrates fall under the grain group It is recommended that you make half your grains whole grains
Grain Facts A. The edible seeds of certain grasses are called GRAINS. B. Grains are a STAPLE FOOD because of their good keeping quality, high energy, and low cost. C. When grains are milled the many of the nutrients are lost. D. Enriched grain products have had the vitamins and minerals replaced. (Thiamin,, Niacin, Riboflavin and Iron)
Grains Types of grainsFoods made of grains Wheat Oats Rice Corn Barley Rye Bread Cereal Rice Pasta Whole Grains
1 serving =1 oz. 6 oz. daily is recommended 1 slice of bread 1 cup of cereal ½ cup of cooked cereal, rice, or pasta ½ a Bagel Examples of 1 oz. servings
Nutrients Found in the Grain Group Fat Complex Carbohydrates B vitamins (Riboflavin, Niacin, Thiamin) Incomplete Protein
3 parts of a wheat kernel Endosperm: starch, protein Germ: Unsaturated fatty acids, B vitamins, Vitamin E, Iron, Zinc Bran: Fiber, vitamins, minerals
Starch Protein Fiber Vitamins Minerals “B” Vitamins Fiber Vitamin E Iron
Carbohydrates Include Glucose or blood sugar is the basic source of energy for all living things. Found in fruits, veggies, grains Sucrose or table sugar is made from sugar beets or sugar cane. Fructose is sugar found in fruit, honey and vegetables. Maltose is grain starch broken down into sugar. Lactose is milk sugar.
How do you know if a food has added sugar? Check out the Food Label: Check out the Food Label: Total Carbohydrate (g): Dietary Fiber, Sugars, Other Carbohydrates (Complex) Sugars, Other Carbohydrates (Complex) List of ingredients: sugar, juice, molasses, honey, maple syrup, corn syrup, malted corn sweetener, maltose, fructose, lactose, glucose, dextrose, etc.
Obesity in a bottle Create a poster about the amounts of sugar in different drinks. You need to represent 6 drinks on your poster. Measure out the correct amount of sugar and make your own “sugar packets” Cut out the pictures and food labels of the drinks you chose and glue them on the poster.