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Presentation on theme: "Carbohydrates."— Presentation transcript:

1 Carbohydrates

2 CARBOHYDRATES The main function of carbohydrates is to provide energy.
Carbohydrates provide 4 calories per gram

3 CARBOHYDRATES 45-65% of our food should come from carbohydrates.

4 CARBOHYDRATES If we eat more carbohydrates than are needed for energy, the extra is stored in the liver or in the tissues as fat.

5 Two Types of Carbohydrates

6 Simple Carbohydrates Simple carbohydrates are quick energy sources. They come from sugar. They do not usually supply any other nutrients or fiber.

7 Examples of Simple Carbohydrates
1. Soft Drinks 2. Cookies 3. Jam 4. Honey 5. Syrup 6. Sugar Candy

8 Complex Carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrates break down into simple sugars in the digestion process. This process is what gives us longer lasting energy

9 Complex Carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrates come from starchy foods such as whole grains, flour, seeds, nuts, vegetables and fruits.

10 Examples of Complex Carbohyrates
1. Rice 2. Pasta 3. Oatmeal 4. Breads 5. Potatoes and Corn 6. Some Cereals

11 Some carbohydrates come from fruits and vegetables
It is recommended that you make half your plate fruits and vegetables

12 Most carbohydrates fall under the grain group
It is recommended that you make half your grains whole grains

13 Grain Facts A. The edible seeds of certain grasses are called GRAINS.
B. Grains are a STAPLE FOOD because of their good keeping quality, high energy, and low cost. C. When grains are milled the many of the nutrients are lost. D. Enriched grain products have had the vitamins and minerals replaced. (Thiamin,, Niacin, Riboflavin and Iron)

14 Grains Wheat Oats Rice Corn Barley Rye Bread Cereal Rice Pasta
Types of grains Foods made of grains Wheat Oats Rice Corn Barley Rye Bread Cereal Rice Pasta Whole Grains

15 1 serving =1 oz. 6 oz. daily is recommended
Examples of 1 oz. servings 1 slice of bread 1 cup of cereal ½ cup of cooked cereal, rice, or pasta ½ a Bagel

16 Nutrients Found in the Grain Group
Fat Complex Carbohydrates B vitamins (Riboflavin, Niacin, Thiamin) Incomplete Protein

17 3 parts of a wheat kernel Endosperm: starch, protein
Germ: Unsaturated fatty acis, B vitamins, Vitamin E, Iron, Zinc Bran: Fiber, vitamins, minerals


19 Carbohydrates Include
Glucose or blood sugar is the basic source of energy for all living things. Sucrose or table sugar is made from sugar beets or sugar cane. Fructose is sugar found in fruit, honey and vegetables. Maltose is grain starch broken down into sugar. Lactose is milk sugar.

20 How do you know if a food has added sugar?
Check out the Food Label: Total Carbohydrate (g): Dietary Fiber, Sugars, Other Carbohydrates (Complex) List of ingredients: sugar, juice, molasses, honey, maple syrup, corn syrup, malted corn sweetener, maltose, fructose, lactose, glucose, dextrose, etc.


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