Presentation on theme: "Why E-Learning Standards?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Why E-Learning Standards? To enable interoperability on different platformProtection of investment on content developmentExchange of content locally and globally
2 Why We Need Common Specifications Surprising as it seems, before June 2000 we couldn’t . . .Move a course from one web-based Learning Management System (LMS server) to another.Run or reuse course content across different LMS systems (multiple proprietary vendor tools).Create searchable learning content or media repositories across different LMS environments Servers).Learning Management System (LMS) - a suite of functionalities designed to deliver, track, report on, and administer learning content, student progress, and student interactions. The term LMS can apply to very simple course management systems or highly complex, enterprise-wide distributed environments.
3 E-learning Standards Trends Industry moving a set of standards that can open up the e-learning management and distribution environmentA number of organizations working to develop e-learning standardsAirline Industry CBT Committee (AICC)Focus on standards for airline training e.g. tests, lessons, modules ect. (
4 E-learning Standards Trends EDUCAUSE Institutional Management System Project (IMS)Vendor group working to build standards for e-learning based on work of AICC (Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL)US Federal government initiative (Development of SCORMAllince of Remote Institutiopnal Authoring and Distribution Network for Europe (ARIADNE)An industry association focusing on e-learning standards issues (ariadne.unil.ch)
5 E-learning Standards Trends IEEE Learning Technology Standards Committee (IEEE LTSC)Accredits the standards for the US that emerge from the other groups (ltsc.ieee.org)ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 (ITLET)IT for Learning, Education and TrainingAdvanced Learning Infrastructure Consortium (ALIC)Japanese Consortium for promotion of e-leaning technology and infrastructure (e-Learning Consortium Japan (eLC)Vendor/User company working to promote e-learning business and technology (
6 Sharable Content Object SCORM - DefinitionSharable Content ObjectReference ModelA software model that defines the interrelationship of course components, data models, and protocols such that content “objects” are sharable across systems that conform with the same model.
7 The SCORM - What Is It? A “Reference Model” that: Integrates industry specifications from many other organizationsAICC, IMS, IEEE, ARIADNE, etc.Provides a unified learning content modelDefines a standardized web “run-time” environmentTakes the first step on the path to defining a true learning architectureSCORM was first drafted in 1999 and released in January It then entered a test and evaluation phase. The final version 1.1 was released in January 2001.
8 The Goal of SCORMLearning Content under SCROM must have the following characteristicsAccessibilityInteroperabilityReusabilityDurability
9 The Goal of SCORM Accessability Interoperability Content can be identified and located when it is needed and as it is neededInteroperabilityContent will function in multiple applications, environment and software/hardware configurations regardless of the tools and platform used to create.
10 The Goal of SCORM Reusability Durability Content is independent of learning context and can be used for many different learners.DurabilityContent does not require modification to operate as software systems are changed or upgraded.