Presentation on theme: "Risk Management (Safe Work Method Statements)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Risk Management (Safe Work Method Statements) Occupational Health, Safety & Environment Training
2 Outcomes Basic understanding of Risk Management Hazard Idenfitifcation What is a Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS)?How a Risk Matrix is usedWhen is a SWMS needed?Who reviews SWMS?How often does SWMS need to be revised?
4 Risk Management Process Risk management is one of the most important activities that a business can undertake to ensure that it reduces the likelihood and consequence of harm to people, or company assets.Risk Management ProcessIdentify HazardAssess RiskControl RiskReview Controls
5 Risk Management What is a hazard? ‘A Hazard is a potential source of harm or adverse health effect on a person’.What is risk?‘Risk is the likelihood (and consequence) that a person may be harmed or suffers adverse health effects if exposed to a hazard.’
6 Examples of hazards Workplace Hazard Example of Hazard Harm Caused ObjectKnifeCutSubstanceHydrochloric acidAcid burnMaterialAsbestosMesotheliomaSource of energyElectricityElectrocution, shockConditionCluttered work areaSlips & fallsProcessGrindingSparks & eye injuryPracticeManual liftingChronic Lower Back Pain
7 Examples of hazards Mobile plant Dust Noise Cave in / Engulfment Unsecure scaffoldingFumes
8 How to identify Hazards There are many methods which are useful for identifying hazards, including:Walk around your workplace and look UP, DOWN & AROUND to see what could reasonably be expected to cause harmAsk your work mates what they think. They may have noticed things that are not immediately obvious to you.Check manufacturers’ instructions or data sheets for chemicals and equipment as they can be very helpful in spelling out the hazards
9 Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) Legal requirements :The OSH Act and Regulations require employers protect employees against the risks associated with carrying out their duties.SWMS provide a system where hazards are identified and controlled.Planning Tool :To identify hazards the job is broken into steps. This process can raise awareness of how the job is to progress, and defines each team members role in completing the task. The correct tools and materials for the job are also identified.Keeping everybody Safe ! :Appropriate controls help to protect people, the environment and property.
10 Swiss Cheese ModelThe Swiss cheese model illustrates the several barriers between a hazard and an accident / incident.PermitRisk RegisterPlant Risk Assessment/ Prestart CheckSWMSDue Diligence – Reasonable steps taken by a person or organisation in order to satisfy a legal requirement.Practicable –What can reasonably be done to ensure the health and safety of personnel, taking into account:(a) the likelihood of the hazard or risk occurring(b) the degree of harm that might result(c) what the person concerned knows, or ought reasonably to know,(d) the ways to eliminate or minimise the risk, and(e) the cost associated with eliminating or minimising the risk,
11 Swiss Cheese Model An accident / incident occurs when the holes align. PermitRisk RegisterPlant Risk Assessment/ Prestart CheckSWMS
12 Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) A Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) is a documented process for identifying and controlling health and safety hazards and risks.
13 Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) It is similar to a JHA or JSA in that it is a step-by-step approach to safety and can be used for any work activity.
14 Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) It is important to complete all sections on the SWMS
15 Risk MatrixA risk matrix is designed to identify the Risk Ranking associated with a given task or decision. Two steps must be considered:Determine the Likelihood (how often has it happened in the past);Determine the potential Consequence of the accident/incidentcooper & oxley risk matrixPaul PlumbingLevel of risk
16 Working on roof(Initial Risk)What is the likelihood of an accident/injury occurring?What is the potential consequence?Initial Risk Ranking (before controls) = High 8
17 Hierarchy of ControlsCan we eliminate the need to the worker to be in on the roof? Work from below?Is there a less hazardous process?Engineering controls? Guard railing?Administration controls such as a procedure outlining what is acceptable when working at height.What PPE can we use? Fall restraint or arrest?
18 After Controls Implement controls: (Residual Risk)Implement controls:Conduct roof work with guardrails in place (Engineering)Admin control (Procedure & SWMS)Initial Risk Ranking (before controls) = High 8Residual Risk Ranking (after controls) = Low 21
19 Sign onAll personnel involved in the task must read and sign onto the SWMS before commencing work. This will ensure that each person understands their safety responsibilities to themselves and their workmates.
20 Poor Planning = Poor Performance Who reviews SWMS?The Site Manager and Supervisor is authorised to review SWMS.If a SWMS is not up to scratch, return it to the owner for further information. We do not accept poor quality SWMS !Poor Planning = Poor Performance
21 How often is a SWMS reviewed? A Safe Work Method Statement must be reviewed and re-signed at least every 30 days or whenever site conditions change. Changes to conditions may include (but are not limited to):Weather (slight rain, heavy wind, hot days etc.)New personnel have joined the workgroupAn injury has occurred during the taskOther people or activities are commencing in close proximity to the task (i.e. need for welding shields, exclusion zones)Different equipment required(may require additional licensing or competency)The identification of new hazards which may impact the work task.
23 ConclusionA Safe Work Method Statement is an important document which requires personnel to think about their work task, consider what could go wrong and the safety controls needed to ensure works are completed without incident.