2 WHAT IS A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS? A job hazard analysis (JHA), also called a job safety analysis (JSA), is a technique to identify the dangers of specific tasks in order to reduce the risk of injury to workers.
3 Why is a JHA important?Once you know what the hazards are, you can reduce or eliminate them before anyone gets hurt.The JHA can also be used to investigate accidents andTo train workers how to do their jobs safely.
4 INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS HOW TO START ?Involve employeesDiscuss what you are going to do and whyExplain that you are studying the task, not employee performanceInvolve the employees in the entire process
5 INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS SET PRIORITIESConsider giving priority to:jobs with the highest injury or illness rates;jobs where there have been “close calls” – where an incident occurred but no one got hurt;jobs where you have identified violations of OSHA standards;jobs with the potential to cause serious injuries or illness, even if there is no history of such problems;jobs in which one simple human mistake could lead to severe injury;jobs that are new to your operation or have been changed; andjobs complex enough to require written instructions.
6 INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS HOW TO DO ITBreak the job task into steps.
7 INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS HOW TO DO ITIdentify the hazards of each step. For each hazard, ask:What can go wrong?What are the consequences?How could it happen?What are other contributing factors?How likely is it that the hazard will occur?
8 INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS
9 INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS Review the list of hazards with employees who dothe job.Discuss what could eliminate or reduce them.
10 INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS ELIMINATE OR REDUCE HAZARDSSafer way to do the jobDescribe each stepBe specific – don’t use generalizations like “Be Careful”Changes in equipmentEquipment changes, or engineering controls, are the first choice because they can eliminate the hazarde.g. machine guards, improved lighting, better ventilation
11 INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS ELIMINATE OR REDUCE HAZARDSChanges in work processesAdministrative controls, or changes in how the task is done, can be used if engineering controls aren’t possiblee.g. rotating jobs, changing the steps, trainingChanges in personal protective equipmentWhen engineering and administrative controls aren’t possible or don’t adequately protect the workers, use personal protective equipmente.g. gloves, hearing protection
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13 Assign ActionsAccountability for carrying out actions should be clearly assigned, understood, and initialed by the respective person indicating their personal commitment and accountability for that action.
14 Assign ActionsIt is important to assure that all members of the work team understand the actions that must be put in place to assure safety and protect the environment while the job is performed. This will assure personal accountability and allow everyone to be clear who will implement the action
15 INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS What do I do next ?Correct the unsafe conditions and processes.Train all employees who do the job on the changesMake sure they understand the changes
16 INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS What do I do next ?Review the JHAs.You may find hazards you missed beforeWhen the task or process is changedWhen injuries or close calls occur when doing the task
17 INSTRUCTIONS FOR CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS What do I do next ?Use the JHAsTrainingAccident investigation
18 Should a JHA be completed each work shift on the routine task with the most hazards involved ? Should a JHA be completed on all non-routine tasks.
19 Summary – JSA Training Steps Define meaning of JSABenefits and why JSAs are importantSelect the job to be analyzedPrepare the JSA formBreak the job task into stepsIdentify the hazardsIdentify the controlsCorrect unsafe conditions and processesAssign additional needed actions/follow-upsReview JSAsUse JSAs for training and accident investigation