Presentation on theme: "Definition Hazard - Anything, any source or any situation with the potential to cause bodily injury or ill-health Risk – the likelihood that a hazard."— Presentation transcript:
Definition Hazard - Anything, any source or any situation with the potential to cause bodily injury or ill-health Risk – the likelihood that a hazard will cause a specific bodily injury to any person
Definition Risk assessment - The process of evaluating the probability and consequences of injury or illness arising from exposure to an identified hazard, and determining the appropriate measures for risk control. Risk management - The identification, assessment and prioritisation of WSH risks followed by the application of control measures to minimise the probability and/or impact of undesirable WSH consequences.
Formation of Risk Management/ Risk Assessment Teams RA Teams should have representatives from both the management and non-management levels. The RA team should include personnel who are involved with the work, including contractors and suppliers who are experienced with the work involved. Team Leader shall be competent for the task before leading the RA team and has attended a RM course conducted by a MOM Approved Training Provider
Gather Relevant Information Workplace layout plan Process or work flowchart List of work activities in the process List of chemicals, machinery and/ or tools used Records of past incidents and accidents Relevant legislation, CPs or specifications Observations and interviews WSH Inspection records Details of existing risk controls Health and safety audit reports Feedback from employees, clients, suppliers or other stakeholders SWPs Other information such as safety data sheets (SDS), manufacturer’s instruction manual Copies of any relevant previous RAs Medical condition (e.g., allergy) of workers in the workplace or activity being assessed
Identification of Hazards Example: Person falling from height Object falling from height Slips or falls on the level Electrocution Drowning Noise induced deafness Fire and explosion Struck by or against object
Risk Evaluation Risk has 2 parts: Expected Severity of the hazard Likelihood of the occurrence of the accident/incident or ill health
Severity is the degree or extent of injury or harm caused by accidents/incidents arising from workplace hazards
Using a 5X5 Risk Matrix Severity Categories and Description for 5X5 Risk Matrix
Communication of Risk Management Every employer, self-employed person and principal (including contractor and sub-contractor) must take all reasonably practicable steps to inform his employees or any other persons at the workplace who may be exposed to safety and health risk. They should be informed of the following: the nature of the risk involved, the measures implemented to control the risk, applicable safe work procedures. Whenever the risk assessment is revised, or when there is a significant change in work practices or procedures, the employees or other persons who may be at risk must be informed accordingly.
Review Effectiveness of Control Measure Regular review of RA plan is critical The RM Team should perform the steps (Hazard Identification, Risk Evaluation and Risk Control) when conducting RA Review Regular Auditing is required to ensure Risk Control measures have been implemented and are functioning effectively While employers are required to review their plans every three years, a review should take place whenever: 1. There are changes to the area of work 2. New information on safety and health risks surfaces 3. After any accident/incident