Presentation on theme: "THE LAW 8 Rights of a citizen accused of a crime: 1.Protection from ____________________(person can only be re-tried in case of a hung jury) 2.Right to."— Presentation transcript:
THE LAW 8 Rights of a citizen accused of a crime: 1.Protection from ____________________(person can only be re-tried in case of a hung jury) 2.Right to a _______________(5 th ) – decide if evidence warrants a trial; 16-23 people; Issue an indictment (formal charges) 3.Protection of Self-___________ (taking the 5 th ) – if you refuse to testify about another person involved in a crime who are held in contempt of court. 4.Right to Speedy and _______ Trial – (6 th ) – federal cases must take place within 70 days of charges 5.Right to ____________ a Verdict – errors made, lack of evidence, new evidence, etc.
THE LAW 6.Right to a ____________– called a Petit Jury (6-12 people); decide if you are guilty or not 7.Right to an adequate _________ – (6 th ) – right to be informed of charges, question witnesses, call or subpoena witnesses, and right to counsel (lawyer). 8.Right to reasonable ______– (8 th ) – money pledged by the accused to insure that they will appear in court on their trial date (money returned if person shows up).
THE LAW 5 Responsibilities of all Americans in the US legal system: 1.Must _______ on juries 2.Must _______ in court 3.Must _______ the law 4.Must _______ with law enforcement officers 5.Must work to end ________ and _______________laws
THE LAW 5 Types of Laws (examples) in the US Legal System 1.Criminal Law – cases in which people are accused of committing crimes that harm other people or property Examples – murder, larceny, rape, assault, DWI 2.Civil Law – Disputes between people or groups, including disputes between government and citizens Examples – Contract disputes, divorce, child custody, property disputes, copyright laws Party who files the lawsuit is the plaintiff and the party being sued is called the defendant $$$$ is wanted for damages (majority settled out of court) 3.Constitutional Law – example – if a person sues over excessive bail (8 th amendment issue)
THE LAW 4. Administrative Law – cases involve laws, rules, and regulations that the Executive Branch and its agencies have implemented Example – FAA (executive agency) might issue an executive order that the airlines believe are unfair. 5. International Law – cases involving any law that affects the United States and any foreign nation, including laws that involve treaties, trade agreements, etc. Example – If American fisherman were not allowed to fish in waters in which trade agreements are met with another country – international law.
THE LAW Results of Civil Cases: 1.___________Damages – actual amount of money being asked for by the plaintiff, to repair or replace actual proven damages or costs caused by the action 2.___________ Damages – money awarded to the ___________as punishment for the defendant, for their action or damage. Usually more ____________ than actual damages.
THE LAW Crimes 1.Crimes against ____________ (murder, rape, etc.) 2.Crimes against ____________ (most common) About _____of all Americans will serve jail time Current population of jails in U.S. – over ___ million 2 Levels of Severity 1. Misdemeanor – less serious crime, ______of all crimes examples – trespassing, littering…**only ______of misdemeanor defendants are convicted!** 2. Felonies – more serious crimes; _____of all crimes; ____are non-violent; _____violent; Examples – murder, burglary, drug trafficking…____of defendants convicted.
THE LAW Felonies Convicted felons lose their right to _____, hold ______, or certain jobs More than ____of all felony arrests are dismissed without ever going to court _____of convicted felons are sentenced to jail time; others receive probation ____of convicted felons were under the influence of alcohol at the time of the offense.
THE LAW Two Types of Civil Law Cases: 1. Lawsuit – one party brings legal action against another to collect for some harm or ________. a. Small Cases - $______ or less in most cases; no jury b. Large Cases – Over $______; held in Superior Courts with juries 2. Suit of ______– case in which a party seeks fair treatment in a situation where no law exists to settle the matter Example – person sues to prevent a road from being built to close to their home. a. usually handled by a judge only. Judge will issue an ________ – order to stop the action during case
7 Steps of a Civil Case 1.Lawsuit is ________ 2.Plaintiff hires an ________to file lawsuit (State will not supply you with an attorney in a civil case!) 3.Plaintiff’s attorney will prepare a ____________(formal notice) 4.Court sends defendant a ___________ (order to appear in court) 5.Defendant gets a lawyer and files a ________(defendant can file a counter suit if necessary) 6.Attorneys met and exchange ___________ – parties will determine at this point if court is necessary 7.If not settled, the case goes to ____________.