Presentation on theme: "China’s Sustainable Energy Policy"— Presentation transcript:
1 China’s Sustainable Energy Policy Ping He Ph.D.International Fund for China’s Environment
2 Current statusChina is the second largest energy consumption country in the world China’s energy is 90% self-sufficient China’s per capital energy consumption is about the world average. China’s energy is heavily relying on coal ( 1.9 billion TOE , about 50% production of the world)
4 ChallengesChina’s economic growth was 10.5%/year from , expect 7-8% /year from , significantlyhigher than the world average.China’s energy demand is expected to continue to increaseChina’s CO2 emission is the largest in the world.China’s cities are badly polluted.
5 China’s energy demand is expected to continue to increase
8 Energy targets in the 12th five-year plan (from 2011 to 2015/2020)
9 Sustainable Energy Policies PrinciplesEnergy conservation firstBased on domestic sourcesDiversifyingProtecting environmentInnovation in science & techDeepening reformingInternational cooperationImproving livelihood
10 Sustainable Energy Policies PrioritiesFully implement energy conservationDevelop clean and renewable energiesPromote clean use of fossil energies
11 Sustainable Energy Policies Fully implement energy conservationAdjust industrial structuresEnhance industrial energy savingImplement building energy conservationImprove energy saving in transportationPromote public participation
12 Energy Efficiency- Iron & Steel Industry 2005-2010 Change in Energy Intensity, China Iron & Steel Industry, ,Source: CISIA, May 2011 (Unit: kg of coal / ton )
13 Energy Efficiency- Transportation Corporate Average Fuel Economy of China, Australia and USA (Unit: MPG)
14 Energy Efficiency-A cement plant with waste heat power plant in Shanxi
15 Sustainable Energy Policies PrioritiesDevelop clean and renewable energiesHydropowerNuclear energySolar energyWind energyBiomass energyOthers
16 Coal problems health problem environmental problem safety problem coal efficiency
17 HydroelectricityChina has a goal to generate at least 15 percent of total energy output by 2020 using renewable energy sources as the government aims to shift to a less-resource intense economy. According to the consultancy EC Harris, in 2010, China is the world's top investor in renewable energy projects, having invested around $120 billion to $160 billion between 2007 and 2010.In 2009, China was the world’s largest producer of hydroelectric power. In the same year, China generated 549 Bkwh of electricity from hydroelectric sources, representing 16 percent of its total generation. Also, according to FACTS Global Energy, installed generating capacity was around 197 GW in 2009, accounting for over a fifth of total installed capacity. These figures are likely to increase given the number of large-scale hydroelectric projects planned or under construction in China, and the government’s State Energy Bureau announced plans to increase hydro capacity to 380 GW by The largest power project is the Three Gorges Dam along the Yangtze River, which includes 32 separate 700-MW generators, for a total of 22.5 GW.
18 solar energy-solar power 50% solar PV panels are manufactured in ChinaIn 2010, China produced .58 GW solar power, a relatively small number. The cost is still 3-4 times higher than coal powerFor grid-connected generation, a fixed purchase price is setFor rooftop solar power, gov. provides financial aids up to 50% of the costTarget for 2015, 10 GW
19 Biomass comprehensive utilization as a symbol of green living in rural area of Shaanxi
20 nuclear powerChina is actively promoting nuclear power as a clean and efficient source of electricity generation. China’s government forecasts that over 70 GW will be generated by 2020, about 6% of total energy. As of 2012, China has 16 operating reactors, 26 new nuclear power plants under construction.
23 Sustainable Energy Policies PrioritiesPromote clean use of fossil energiesMining coal with high efficiency and safetyDeveloping power plants with high efficiency and clean productionExploring unconventional oil/gas activelyEnhancing energy transporting system
24 Sustainable Energy Policies Opportunities for international cooperation/investmentsAdvanced technologies in clean energy developmentAdvanced technologies in energy conservation, esp. in industrial sectorsAdvanced technologies in clean energy vehiclesEnergy service systems (smart grid, energy management contract, etc.)Capacity building (tech training, policy consulting, etc.)
25 Growth of China’s Energy Service Industry YearRevenueTotal InvestmentEMC ProjectInvestment200547.330.613.1200682.663.318.92007217.6114.665.52008417.3253.2116.52009587.7360.4186.32010780.4287.5Unit: 100 million RMB. $1=6.8 RMBSource:ESCO Committee of China’s Energy Conservation Association