Presentation on theme: "Correct these sentences: 1.The young man, who was moving into his new apartment, had never use a microwave before. 2.Sally was crossing the street in a."— Presentation transcript:
Correct these sentences: 1.The young man, who was moving into his new apartment, had never use a microwave before. 2.Sally was crossing the street in a busy place; she screams when the bus almost hit her. 3.I comb my hair different now than I used to. 4.The smartest of the twins is very spoiled. 5.We felt badly about missing the farewell party. 6.Something in the refrigerator smelled badly. 7.The police reacted swift when they received the tip.
ACT Grammar Lesson: Verb Tense Verb tense tells us when the action of the sentence is taking place – in the past, – in the present, – or in the future
The Present Tense Indicates that the action is happening now – He runs the 440 in 50 seconds.
The simple PAST tense Indicates an action that took place entirely in the past. – He ran the 440 in 50 seconds last week.
The perfect PAST Tense Indicates an action that started in the past, but that may continue into the present: – He has fun the 440 in under 50 seconds in the last four races.
The Future Tense Indicates an action that will take place at some point down the road. – He will run the race next Sunday.
The Future perfect Tense Indicates that an action will be completed by a definite time in the future. – He will have finished the race by next Sunday.
ACT and Verb Tense You don’t have to know the names of the verb tenses. ACT writers test whether or not you can spot inconsistencies in verb tense (they are testing agreement skills).
ACT and Verb Tense If a verb in a non-underlined portion of the sentence is in one tense, the verb in the underlined portion will tend to be in the same tense. What’s wrong with this sentence? – Sam is walking down the street when he found a large suitcase. – Sam is walking down the street when he ______ a large suitcase
ACT and Verb Tense What’s wrong with this sentence? – Sam is walking down the street when he found a large suitcase. – Sam is walking down the street when he FINDS a large suitcase
Adjectives and Adverbs Adjectives modify nouns. Adverbs modify everything else- verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. ACT tests whether or not you know the difference between adjectives and adverbs
Which is which? Simple Test: – Simply put the word you aren’t sure about into the following sentence: – “He is very.” – If the word fits the blank, then the word is an adjective.
Simple Test: Let’s Try It 1.He is very intelligent. 2.He is very intelligently. Intelligent fits the blank in the first sentence, so intelligent must be an adjective. Intelligently does not fit the blank in the second sentence. In fact, intelligently is an adverb which answers the question, “how”. You can often recognize an adverb by the “-ly” at the end of the word.
Adjectives and Adverbs: Digging Deeper A comparative adjective is often used when a sentence is comparing two things: – Juanita is taller than Jane. – (“Taller” is the comparative adjective.)
Adjectives and Adverbs: Digging Deeper Usually if an adjective has only one syllable, you can make it comparative by adding an “- er” to the end of the word. If an adjective has more than one syllable, you can usually make it comparative by adding a “more” or a “less” in front of the adjective” – Sid is more careful than Tom. – Tom is less careful than Sid.
Adjectives and Adverbs: Digging Deeper A comparative adverb is often used when a sentence is comparing two actions: – Juanita dances more gracefully than Jane. – (“More gracefully” is a comparative adverb. To make adverbs comparative, you also need to add a “more” or “less” in front of the adverb. – Sid behaves more correctly than Tom does. – Tom behaves less correctly than Sid does.
Adjectives and Adverbs: Digging Deeper When more than two things are being compared, a sentence often needs a superlative adjective: – Of the many men in the room, John is the strongest. – (“Strongest” is a superlative adjective.)
Adjectives and Adverbs: Digging Deeper To make a comparison among three or more people or things, add “-est” to the adjective. When more than two actions are being compared, a sentence often needs a superlative adverb: – Compared to other boys in the school, Sid behaves the most correctly. – (“Most correctly” is a superlative adverb.)
Correct these sentences: 1.The young man, who was moving into his new apartment, had never used a microwave before. 2.Sally was crossing the street in a busy place; she screamed when the bus almost hit her. 3.I comb my hair differently now than I used to. 4.The smarter of the twins is very spoiled. 5.We felt bad about missing the farewell party. 6.Something in the refrigerator smelled bad. 7.The police reacted swiftly when they received the tip.
“Letter from Birmingham Jail” Discussion 1.What led to the decision to start the protests in Birmingham? 2.What are the four steps involved in King’s nonviolent campaign? 3.What exactly does King mean by “nonviolent direct action”? 4.In King’s view, what is the difference between defying the law and breaking an “unjust” law?
“Letter from Birmingham Jail” Notes You must include information from informational sources in your paper. This can count as one source. Examples: – “Are you able to accept blows without retaliating?” – “We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.” – “Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear- drenched communities.”
Your Assignment 1.Take “Letter from Birmingham Jail” online quiz. 2.Work on finishing IKWTCBS for tomorrow’s discussion and quiz. 3.Start working on Adversity paper.