5 I’m going to make two differences. Future tenses to talk about plansBe going toWillFuture tenses to talk about predictions
6 PLANSBE GOING TOThe speaker intends to do something in the future . You have already decided about what you are going to do. You have carefuly planned this decisionWhen i grow up, i’m going to be a DoctorWe are going to paint this room this afternoonShe is going to get married next Saturday
7 Will When we decide something at the moment of speaking A: Any plans for the evening?B: Yes, I’m going to buy a new dress for my sister’s weddingA: Really? I’ll go with you, if you don’t mind , I need a new jacketOh!!it’s raining , I will take my umbrella
8 PREDICTIONS BE GOING TO It expresses the idea of a general prediction about the futureIt’s going to rain soon , i’ve just felt a dropYou have some evidence telling you that something is happening in the futureLook at those black clouds, it is going to rain
9 WILL What you think or guess will happen in the future The cars of the future will flyIn 100 years , the world will be a very different placeAnything uncertain (probably, maybe, I think, I expect, I hope…)I probably won’t be back in time for lunch
10 Rules of formation BE GOING TO REMEMBER YOU NEED TO CONJUGATE THE VERB TO BE!!!
17 CONDITIONALS What are conditionals in English grammar? Sometimes we call them 'if clauses'. They describe the result of something that might happen (in the present or future) or might have happened but didn't (in the past) . They are made using different English verb tenses.There are two kinds of conditional sentences: real and unreal
18 CONDITIONALSWe will study those talking about real or possible situations firstThis is the FIRST CONDITIONALIt's used to talk about things which might happen in the future. Of course, we can't know what will happen in the future, but this describes possible things, which could easily come true.If it rains, I won't go to the park.If I study today, I'll go to the party tonight.If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes.She'll be late if the train is delayed.She'll miss the bus if she doesn't leave soon.If I see her, I'll tell her.
19 First conditional is made by the present simple after 'if', then the future simple in the other clauseTake care when making the negative form of present simple and with the third person singular “s”If she doesn’t clean her glasses she won’t see anythingShe will be a great actress if she travels to USA
20 If it _______ today, I'll stay at home. RAIN. RAINSIf it _______ today, I'll stay at home. RAIN.If he ____________ busy now, I will come back tomorrow. BEIf I _________ time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon. HAVEIf it is warm tomorrow, we_______________ to the beach. GOIf it is cold, you _____________ warm clothes. WEARIf he _____________ his homework, he can not go to the party.NOT DOISHAVEWILL GOWILL WEARCAN WEARSHOULD WEARDOESN’T DO
21 DOESN’T CALL SPEND DON`T INVITE WILL MISS PAY DRINK DON’T COME If she _____________ you, you can call her. NOT CALLIf you ________ more than you earn, you'll become a poor man. SPEND.If they _______________ you, you must not go NOT INVITEIf we don't hurry, we___________ our bus. MISSIf you _______ now, you'll get a discount PAYIf you ________________ too much, you'll get drunk. DRINKIf you feel sick, you SHOULD stay in bed.If they ___________________ here, we'll have to go there. NOT COMESPENDDON`T INVITEWILL MISSPAYDRINKDON’T COME
25 ZERO CONDITIONAL First vs. Zero Conditional: The first conditional describes a particular situationIf you sit in the sun, you'll get burned (here I'm talking about what will happen today, another day might be different)The zero conditional describes what happens in general.If you sit in the sun, you get burned (here I'm talking about every time a person sits in the sun - the burning is a natural consequence of the sitting)
26 SECOND CONDITIONAL First vs. Second Conditional: The first conditional describes things that I think are likely to happen in the futureThe second conditional talks about things that I don't think will really happen. It's subjective; it depends on my point of view. For example (first conditional): If she studies harder, she'll pass the exam (I think it's possible she will study harder and so she'll pass) But (second conditional): If she studied harder, she would pass the exam (I think that she won't study harder, or it's very unlikely, and so she won't pass)