2 Article I: The Legislature (pg. 248) U.S. CONGRESS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESSENATE435 members2 yr. term; popular voteAt least 25 years oldU.S. citizen 7 yrs.Resident of stateReps based on populationPower to: impeach, introduce tax billsImpeachment100 members6 yr. term; popular voteAt least30 years oldU.S. citizen 9 yrs.Resident of state2 Senators per stateHold impeachment trial; act as juryApproves appointments to office and treatiesTerm
3 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES U.S. CONGRESSHOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESSENATEa census is taken every 10 yearsPresiding officer = Speaker of the HouseVice President leads Senate meetingsVotes in case of a tiePro tempore= alternate presiding officer1/3 of Senators elected every 2 years
4 VICE PRESIDENT Joe Biden Senator Delaware U.S. CONGRESSCURRENT SPEAKER John Boehner 8th District OhioVICE PRESIDENT Joe Biden Senator Delaware
5 Article I: The Legislature (makes laws) Section 6: Payment and Privileges (pg. 4) Section 8: Powers Granted to Congress ( ) Quickwrite: Read through the list of Congressional Powers. Which do you consider to be the most important? Explain your selection. Legislative Scavenger Hunt: Work with a partner to discover additional information about the legislative branch.
6 WARM-UP: Article II: The Executive Complete the graphic organizer below using pgs. 256- 259 US book LEADERSecond-in-commandPowers/ dutiesQuailificationsAdvisors
7 Article II: The Executive (Enforces Laws) Leader: PresidentSecond-in-Command: Vice PresidentAt least 35 years oldNatural-born U.S. citizenResident of the U.S. for 14 yearsAdvisors: Cabinet: Title of each member is “Secretary”Current Cabinet
8 Article II: The Executive Powers:Enforces LawsCommander-in-Chief of the Armed ForcesMakes Appointements (ambassadors, judges of the Supreme Court, etc.) (Senate must approve)Makes treaties (with consent of 2/3 of the Senate)Chief Legislator- signs bills into law Enforces lawsDutiesGives State of the Union Address
9 WARM- UPPick up the New York Times article titled “High School Student To Remove Antiwar Shirt”.Read and annotate the article to answer the following questions using complete sentences.What Constitutional Amendment is the focus of this article?What prompted the Vice Principal to ask Barber to turn his shirt “inside out or go home”?What court case did Berber reference when speaking to Principal Judith Coebly?What was the court’s ruling in that case?Do you think Barber’s Constitutional rights were violated? What about Brooklyn student, Yusra Awadeh? Explain your position.
10 ARTICLE III: THE JUDICIARY U.S. SUPREME COURT (interprets laws)
11 Supreme Court Justices Appointed by the President2/3 approval by SenateTerm: Life9 Total JusticesChief Justice of the United StatesJOHN G. ROBERTS, JR.Acts as judge in Senate impeachment trials Associate JusticesANTONIN SCALIA ANTHONY M. KENNEDY CLARENCE THOMAS RUTH BADER GINSBURG STEPHEN G. BREYER SAMUEL A. ALITO, JR. SONIA SOTOMAYOR ELENA KAGANSupreme Court Justices
12 Supreme Court Cases Types of Cases Heard The Supreme Court hears three types of cases:2/3 are cases appealed from lower federal courts1/3 are cases appealed from state supreme courtsRarely, they hear cases that have not been previously heard by a lower court, such as between one state's government and another.The justices decide which cases they will hear, about 80 each year. They decide another 50 without hearing arguments. The cases they choose usually address constitutional issues or federal law.The Supreme Court gets about 7000 requests to hear cases per year, so there are many cases that don't get heard. If they decide not to hear a case, the decision of the lower court stands.
13 Supreme Court CasesTypically, all nine of the justices hear each case..Each case is decided by majority vote. In case of a tie, the decision of the lower court is upheld.Since the court only reviews cases which are appealed from a lower court, there is no evidence presented, and no witnesses are heard. There are simply briefs (written arguments) and oral argument by the parties. Each side has 30 minutes to present oral arguments, and the justices interrupt with questions while they are speaking.After the attorneys are finished speaking, the justices meet in secret to discuss the case and come to a decision. No official record is kept of this discussion.When the Supreme Court announces what they have decided in a case, they issue a formal document called a decision, and sometimes more than one.The conclusion of the court is a majority opinion.The justices that disagreed with the majority vote may issue one or more dissenting opinions, explaining their reasons for disagreeing.The decisions of the Supreme Court have an important impact on society!
14 CHECKS AND BALANCESWhat are some examples? Quickwrite: How is the law making process an example of the Constitutional principle of checks and balances? In your response include the role all three branches play.
15 LANDMARK CASESWhat Constitutional Amendment is the focus of this article?What prompted the Vice Principal to ask Barber to turn his shirt “inside out or go home”?What court case did Berber reference when speaking to Principal Judith Coebly?What was the court’s ruling in that case?Do you think Barber’s Constitutional rights were violated? What about Brooklyn student, Yusra Awadeh? Explain your position.Tinker v Des Moines