2 What is Architecture? Architecture The whole plan of the design of an inhabitable structure.ArchitectureDesign | Structure | Land Dev | AdminTwo categories 1) Commercial and 2) Residential
3 Residential Architecture The Design and Development of non- commercial structures for the purpose of human needs renewal.(Home is where the heart is)Who knows and has studied the Design Concepts?
4 An Architectural Engineer (aka Architect) An Architect is an expert in:Human needs, life styles, and trendsSite ConsiderationsDevelopment of SheltersCultural influencesSocial trendsGovernment’s Role
5 Architects Know Human Needs Physical needsShelter, sleep, food, storage, safetyPsychological needsLove and Belonging , Privacy, Identity, CreativityLife CyclesBaby, child, young adult, raising family ,post children, retirement, old age
6 Architects Know Site Considerations Location Location Location The CommunityCost Restrictions, Zoning, CodesTopographical featuresFamily needsQuality of lifeExterior DesignModular design
7 Architects Know Development of Shelters Migration trendsStyle changes in HistoryPurposes of sheltersComfortable, agronomical (work and home)
8 Architects Know Cultural Influences Concept of a Householdnuclear familyextended familysingle-parent familysingle life styleindividualism and Privacy
9 Architects Know Social trends Mobilityfamily rolespopulation trendseconomic conditionschanging work patternsenergy conservationfashion and taste
10 Architects Know Government’s Role planning for growthpublic worksurban renewalurban homesteadingBuilding material influencesHow are these needs met in design concepts?
11 An Architect Knows Design Has in-depth knowledge of Design.Design includes 3 aspects,form, function, structureHas skill in applying these concepts to form a comprehensive dwelling.Define each of these
12 Form - is an art looks -aesthetics, style, trends, landscape, Arch historyCreation of Design Concepts
13 Function – is a science; Living Space:utility space,traffic patterns,needs of the consumerEnvironmental Control:Heating and Air conditioninglightingBuilding Materials:
14 Structure - is a practical art Strength and StabilityCost AnalysisCode (state, local, federal)Land AnalysisHere’s how things have worked out.
15 What can you get for $100,000? Condominiums Town Homes Patio Homes (an apartment you own)Town Homes(ground floor & share one wall)Patio HomesLower-class LocationThere are many different types of residential structuresAnnual income around $20 $30 grand
16 What can you get for $ 250,000? House in a sub-division Same floor plan as every 6th houseFew choicesPrep – planned by ContractorSmaller Lots 1/8 ¼ acreAnnual income around $40 $70 grand
17 What can you get for $ 500,000? Custom Plan Larger Land Plot 1-20 acresFew Custom FixturesAnnual income around $80 $150 grand
18 What can you get for more than a $ Mil? Larger plot or floor planFully customizedIn-depth amenitiesPools, Theaters, JacuzzisSolid brass door handlesAnnual income triple digitsSo, Do you get what you pay for? And how are these structures conceived?
19 Architectural Design: is the blend of Art, Science, and Practicality Engineeringis basically science - the process of solving design problems with physicsArtistryis basically art - the process of creating aesthetic objects for pleasure and emotional connection.Construction Managementis basically practicality - Taking the available materials to meet the expectations of the Engineer and the ArchitectSo how does an Architect do this?
20 What does an Architect do? Floor plans, Elevations, details, exterior perspectivesrenderings, interior renderings and perspectives 12% 750,000 = 90,000plot plans (master plans), presentation drawings, modelsthese days we have computer simulationsSo, what’s the final product of an Architect
21 The Final Product A comprehensive design concept A comprehensive graphic representationReadable byThe ownerThe builderMunicipalitiesAll pertinent vendersA comprehensive text documentReadable by lawyers and title representatives
22 Total Design: Indoors and Out Form, Function, and Structure concepts are to be applied to both the interior and exterior of the building.A good residential building has used analysis of all the above concepts bring together a complete design to serve the desired purpose and outcome of the structure.Focus on Interior function
23 Interior Form aka Interior Design The orchestration of colors, materials, furniture, lighting to produce a desired style of living.This area of Design is out of our class scopeIf you are interested in Interior Design Consumer Studies offers a full classFocus on Interior Function and Structure
24 Interior Function/Structure ConsiderationsTraffic Circulation pg 33Family Needs pg 40Handicapped Codes pg 23StructureSize / utilization chap 5,6,7Apply the above ideas to the three major living areas
25 Private Area – Chap 5 Room Planning What does the FHA recommend as minimum size for Bedroom and BathroomPg 72