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The World of Architecture

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Presentation on theme: "The World of Architecture"— Presentation transcript:

1 The World of Architecture

2 What is Architecture? Architecture
The whole plan of the design of an inhabitable structure. Architecture Design | Structure | Land Dev | Admin Two categories 1) Commercial and 2) Residential

3 Residential Architecture
The Design and Development of non- commercial structures for the purpose of human needs renewal. (Home is where the heart is) Who knows and has studied the Design Concepts?

4 An Architectural Engineer (aka Architect)
An Architect is an expert in: Human needs, life styles, and trends Site Considerations Development of Shelters Cultural influences Social trends Government’s Role

5 Architects Know Human Needs
Physical needs Shelter, sleep, food, storage, safety Psychological needs Love and Belonging , Privacy, Identity, Creativity Life Cycles Baby, child, young adult, raising family , post children, retirement, old age

6 Architects Know Site Considerations Location Location Location
The Community Cost Restrictions, Zoning, Codes Topographical features Family needs Quality of life Exterior Design Modular design

7 Architects Know Development of Shelters
Migration trends Style changes in History Purposes of shelters Comfortable, agronomical (work and home)

8 Architects Know Cultural Influences
Concept of a Household nuclear family extended family single-parent family single life style individualism and Privacy

9 Architects Know Social trends
Mobility family roles population trends economic conditions changing work patterns energy conservation fashion and taste

10 Architects Know Government’s Role
planning for growth public works urban renewal urban homesteading Building material influences How are these needs met in design concepts?

11 An Architect Knows Design
Has in-depth knowledge of Design. Design includes 3 aspects, form, function, structure Has skill in applying these concepts to form a comprehensive dwelling. Define each of these

12 Form - is an art looks -aesthetics, style, trends, landscape,
Arch history Creation of Design Concepts

13 Function – is a science;
Living Space: utility space, traffic patterns, needs of the consumer Environmental Control: Heating and Air conditioning lighting Building Materials:

14 Structure - is a practical art
Strength and Stability Cost Analysis Code (state, local, federal) Land Analysis Here’s how things have worked out.

15 What can you get for $100,000? Condominiums Town Homes Patio Homes
(an apartment you own) Town Homes (ground floor & share one wall) Patio Homes Lower-class Location There are many different types of residential structures Annual income around $20  $30 grand

16 What can you get for $ 250,000? House in a sub-division
Same floor plan as every 6th house Few choices Prep – planned by Contractor Smaller Lots 1/8  ¼ acre Annual income around $40  $70 grand

17 What can you get for $ 500,000? Custom Plan
Larger Land Plot 1-20 acres Few Custom Fixtures Annual income around $80  $150 grand

18 What can you get for more than a $ Mil?
Larger plot or floor plan Fully customized In-depth amenities Pools, Theaters, Jacuzzis Solid brass door handles Annual income triple digits So, Do you get what you pay for? And how are these structures conceived?

19 Architectural Design: is the blend of Art, Science, and Practicality
Engineering is basically science - the process of solving design problems with physics Artistry is basically art - the process of creating aesthetic objects for pleasure and emotional connection. Construction Management is basically practicality - Taking the available materials to meet the expectations of the Engineer and the Architect So how does an Architect do this?

20 What does an Architect do?
Floor plans, Elevations, details, exterior perspectives renderings, interior renderings and perspectives 12% 750,000 = 90,000 plot plans (master plans), presentation drawings, models these days we have computer simulations So, what’s the final product of an Architect

21 The Final Product A comprehensive design concept
A comprehensive graphic representation Readable by The owner The builder Municipalities All pertinent venders A comprehensive text document Readable by lawyers and title representatives

22 Total Design: Indoors and Out
Form, Function, and Structure concepts are to be applied to both the interior and exterior of the building. A good residential building has used analysis of all the above concepts bring together a complete design to serve the desired purpose and outcome of the structure. Focus on Interior function

23 Interior Form aka Interior Design
The orchestration of colors, materials, furniture, lighting to produce a desired style of living. This area of Design is out of our class scope If you are interested in Interior Design Consumer Studies offers a full class Focus on Interior Function and Structure

24 Interior Function/Structure
Considerations Traffic Circulation pg 33 Family Needs pg 40 Handicapped Codes pg 23 Structure Size / utilization chap 5,6,7 Apply the above ideas to the three major living areas

25 Private Area – Chap 5 Room Planning
What does the FHA recommend as minimum size for Bedroom and Bathroom Pg 72

26 Public Area – Chap 6 Room Planning
- Pg 89

27 Service Area – Chap 7 Room Planning
- Pg 127 Stop and Pick one of the layouts and change it to fit criteria

28 Exterior Design - Chap 1


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