Presentation on theme: "Understanding Floor Plans"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding Floor Plans It costs no more to build a house with a good plan, than one with a poor plan…….in fact, it may cost less.
2 Two-dimensional diagram of one or more rooms as if seen from above. 1. A Floor Plan is―Two-dimensional diagram of one or more rooms as if seen from above.2
3 2. A Floor Plan is Used to: Judge space dimensions in a room Determine architectural detail placement in a roomStudy suitability to lifestyles of the familyShows basic living zonesPutting together a decorating plan for the home3
4 3. A Floor Plan Shows Exterior and interior walls Size and location of walls, windows, and doorsBuilt-in cabinets and appliancesPermanent fixturesStairs and fireplaces – if included in the plan.Porches, patios, and decksRoom names, closets, and approximate sizes4
5 4. ElevationShows a vertical view of the room, wall, or house as if being seen by someone standing on the ground or floor and looking at it.
6 Drawing a Floor Plan11’ x 10’ Rooma. 1/4” = 1’ is the most common scale used in architectural and interior design drawings1 square= ¼ inch= 1 footb. Templates are drawings, symbols, cutouts etc., used to easily duplicate “too scale” items.
7 Windows= Doors= Closets= Blue Print SymbolsWindows=Doors=Closets=7
8 Windows= Doors= Closets= Blue Print SymbolsWindows=Doors=Closets=8
10 Floor Plan Options Pro’s and Con’s One levelTwo levelSplit-LevelSplit Entry
11 7. Closed floor plansSeparate rooms enclosed by walls with an entry door.Pro’s: noise reduction, privacyCon’s: costly, breaks up space to make it appear smaller
12 7. Open Floor PlanFewer interior separating walls (bathroom is the exception)Pro’s: saves cost of building material, home tends to appear more spaciousCon’s: no privacy, high noise levels
13 EVALUATING FLOOR PLAN Plumbing Lines located near one another Well defined 3 basic Areas/zonesEfficient Traffic and circulation patternsUse and function of rooms relationshipsPlenty of Storage Space ConsiderationSizes and shapes of roomsUseable wall space that is not broken up with windows and doorsPlumbing Lines located near one anotherAn Evaluation of Needs vs. Wants……….
14 Evaluate for Needs vs. Wants Make a list of your NEEDS and your WANTS.Needs MUST be filledYou may not have enough money to fulfill all your wants.8. 4 Housing Needs:Enough bedroomsEnough bathroomsStorage and closetsRoom for furniture and appliances
15 9. Also consider: Plumbing Lines located around one another or not Indoor and outdoor spaceStreet noise and trafficPrivacy inside and outside the houseHousing Orientation = Placement of the house in respect to:Compass Directions(North, South, East, West)ViewSun exposureWindOther Surroundings
16 10. What shape of home is least expensive to build? A RectangleJogs or irregularities in shape increase the cost of the house and should be carefully judged for convenience and aesthetics.
17 Also consider the COST OF A HOME 11. A conservative estimate for the amount of money to be spent on a home is 2 ½ times the yearly income of the family.Cost of the home is determined by:Cubic foot (size)Location of lot, size, and placement, compass directionType of constructionExterior and Interior finishes and fixturesFloor Plan
18 Blue Print Assignments Know your bedroom measurements for next time (walls and furniture) 4. Interpret Blue Print SymbolsUse the blue print key to decipher the blue prints on a floor plan of your choice.5. Floor Plan Practice RoomUsing ¼” graph paper and a pencil, measure and draw the following dimensions. Remember… walls are six inches thick (1/8” scale).North Wall- 15 feet with one 6 foot window, 2 outletsSouth Wall- 15 feet with two 3 foot window, 1 outletEast Wall- 20 feet with one 3 foot door that swings into the room, one outlet, 1 light switchWest Wall- 20 feet, a wall light, a closet with bifold doors. Place a ceiling light in the center room.SEE EXAMPLE IF NEEDEDNow trace everything with a black marker and a ruler, using very straight lines. Write the dimensions of each wall and label the north wall.We will be in the computer lab next time!!!!
19 Measure Up. Measure your room Measure Up!!! Measure your room. Get the width, length, height, furniture, and other items. This information will be used for a later assignment so get it done early.
20 Bell Quiz #1 WH 1. Which statement about floor plans is true? A. The purpose of a floor plan is to show the three-dimensional appearance of rooms, doors, windows, storage areas, and hallways.B. The purpose of a floor plan is to show the two-dimensional appearance of rooms, doors, windows, storage areas, and hallwaysC. It shows the distance between the kitchen wall and base cabinets.D. The work triangle between the refrigerator, the table, and the range is shown.2. Identify these floor plan symbols:WH
21 Bell Quiz #1 KEY 1. Which statement about floor plans is true? A. The purpose of a floor plan is to show the three-dimensional appearance of rooms, doors, windows, storage areas, and hallways.B. The purpose of a floor plan is to show the two-dimensional appearance of rooms, doors, windows, storage areas, and hallways.*C. It shows the distance between the kitchen wall and base cabinets.D. The work triangle between the refrigerator, the table, and the range is shown.2. Identify these floor plan symbols:1.Lavatory Sink 2. Shower 3. Kitchen sink 4. Fixed Window 5. French Doorsoutlet Water Heater