Presentation on theme: "ADOLESCENTS AND YOUTH IN INDIA"— Presentation transcript:
1 ADOLESCENTS AND YOUTH IN INDIA HIGHLIGHTS FROM CENSUS 2011Dr C CHANDRAMOULI REGISTRAR GENERAL & CENSUS COMMISSIONER, INDIA
2 Today, every fifth person in India is an adolescent (10-19 years) and every third – a young person (10-24 years)Investing in this segment of population is the best way to leverage the nation’s competitive advantage – its demographic dividend.
3 Population of Adolescents (10-19 Years) CountryPopulation (in million)Adolescent (10-19 yrs) Population (in million)Proportion of Adolescents (%)China1358.8191.214.1India1205.6236.519.6USA312.243.013.8Indonesia240.643.416.8Brazil195.233.817.3Pakistan173.130.923.1World Population Prospects – The 2012 Revision, UN 2013
4 Population of Youth (15-24 Years) CountryPopulation (in million)Youth (15-24 yrs) Population (in million)Proportion of Youths (%)China1358.8242.217.8India1205.6229.019.0USA312.243.914.1Indonesia240.640.516.8Brazil195.233.617.2Pakistan220.127.116.11World Population Prospects – The 2012 Revision, UN 2013
5 Definition of Adolescents, Youth Adolescents …… yearsYouth …………… yearsTogether, adolescents and youth are referred to as ‘Young people’, encompassing the ages years.
7 Population Pyramid (By 10 Years Grouping) India : 2001 & 2011 Censuses The broad base is gradually shrinking and the bulge is moving upwards indicating an increase in the median age
8 Adolescents (10-19) : India Population (2011) mn (225 mn)Decadal growth ( ) %Sex Ratio (2011) (882)
9 Youth (15-24) : India Population (2011) 231 mn (189 mn) Decadal growth ( ) %Sex Ratio (2011) (882)
10 Trends in Proportion of Population – India 1961 to 2011 Census Since 1971 the proportion of adolescent population has remained around 21 per centProportion of youth population increased steadily from 16.5 per cent in 1971 to 19.2 per cent in 2011
11 Trends in Sex Ratio (1961 to 2011 Census) – India Adolescent Sex Ratio has been very low, showing increase and decline in alternate censuses. Highest in 2011 at 898Youth Sex Ratio has shown consistent decline till 2001, then rising in 2011.
12 Sex Ratio Among Adolescents (10-19) Census 2011
14 Trends in Literacy Rate by Sex and Gender Gap – India ADOLESCENTS (10-19)Adolescent and Youth Literacy Rates show consistent increase.Appreciable increase in Female Literacy Rate - narrowing gender gapYOUTH (15-24)
15 Trends in Work Participation Rate – India ADOLESCENTS (10-19)Decline in WPR by sex in Total and Rural areas from 2001 to No change in Urban areas.YOUTH (15-24)Similar situation exists in case of Youth as well..
16 In ConclusionPopulation of Adolescents (253.2 million) and Youth (231.9 million) are quite large in the countryThere is considerable progress in achieving literacy among both the groupsWhat remains as crucial element is the development of skills among Youth population to take up decent vocation.
17 Thank you For more information visit: censusindia.gov.in Or write to:Thank you