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**Electrical Energy Use in the Home**

Lesson 14

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**Electrical Energy Use in the Home**

Last week we calculated how much energy appliances use and how this correlates to the length of time that they are used. Energy = power x time Now we are going to look at how much it costs to use the electricity.

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Just like meat at the Northern has a price per pound, electricity has a cost per kilowatt hour (kWh). If the cost of a kilowatt is 0.08$, all we need to know is how much energy is used to find out how much it will cost. Cost of energy used = amount energy used (kWh) x price per kWh

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Example 1: If a 500 W refrigerator/ freezer uses 75 kWh of energy, and it costs 0.08$/kWh. How much does it cost to operate the refrigerator for one month? Cost of energy used = amount energy used x price per kWh Cost of energy used = 75 kWh x 0.08$ / kWh = 6.00 $ Therefore, it costs 6.00 dollars a month to run the fridge.

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Example 2: A 200 watt TV is used 12 hours a day for 30 days. How much will it cost to run if each kWh costs 0.08$? E = P x t E = (200W ÷ 1000W) x (12 h x 30 days) E = 0.2 kW x 360 h E = 72 kWh Cost of energy used = amount energy used x price per kWh Cost of energy used = 72 kWh x 0.08$/kWh Cost of energy used = 5.76 $

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**Practice questions Try the 4 questions, if you need help just ask**

A microwave oven uses 15kWh a month. How much does it cost to run for one month? Cost of energy used = amount energy used x price per kWh Cost of energy used = 15 kWh x 0.08 $kWh Cost of energy used = 1.20 $

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**A toaster uses 5kWh hours of electricity per month, what would it cost to use?**

Cost of energy used = amount energy used x price per kWh Cost of energy used = 5kWh x 0.08 $kWh Cost of energy used = 0.40 $

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**A 60 W incandescent bulb uses 30 kWh a month**

A 60 W incandescent bulb uses 30 kWh a month. How much does it cost to run for one month? Cost of energy used = amount energy used x price per kWh Cost of energy used = 30 kWh x 0.08 $kWh Cost of energy used = 2.40 $

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**A 500 W clothes dryer uses 150 kWh of electricity a month**

A 500 W clothes dryer uses 150 kWh of electricity a month. How much does it cost to run for one month? Cost of energy used = amount energy used x price per kWh Cost of energy used = 150 kWh x 0.08 $kWh Cost of energy used = $

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**Efficiency and Conservation**

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Although the cost of one incandescent light bulb is relatively inexpensive, it is important to remember that there are multiple light bulbs in every house and many are left on for multiple hours a day. The cost of lighting can quickly add up when you calculate all of the light bulbs in a house.

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Fluorescent bulbs cost much more to use than incandescent light bulbs do but they use less energy for the same amount of light. Which one is more cost effective in the end? A few factors must be looked at: cost of the bulb, life of the bulb and power usage. We will compare the bulbs over the life of one fluorescent.

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**Bulb 1: 60 watt incandescent**

Cost: 0.50 $ Life: h Power: 60 W Since incandescent bulbs burn out faster we will need to calculate the cost of all of the bulbs h ÷ 1000 h = 10 bulbs. 10 bulbs x 0.50 $ = 5.00 $

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Energy used: E = P x t E = (60W ÷ 1000kW) x ( h) E = 0.06 kW x h E = 600 kWh

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**Cost of energy used = amount energy used x price per kWh**

Cost of energy used = 600 kWh x 0.08 $ kWh Cost of energy used = $ Total cost for hours of light = Cost of bulbs + cost of energy 5.00 $ $ = $

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Bulb 2: 13W fluorescent Cost: 10.00$ Life: h Power: 13 W

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**One bulb provides 10 000 hours of light so we only need to buy one bulb.**

Total bulb cost = 10.00$

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Energy used: E = P x t E = (13W ÷ 1000kW) x (10 000h) E = kW x h E = 130 kWh Cost of energy used = amount energy used x price per kWh Cost of energy used = 130 kWh x 0.08 $ kWh Cost of energy used = $

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**Total cost for 10 00 hours of light =**

Cost of bulbs + cost of energy 10.00 $ $ = $

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**Now we can calculate how much the fluorescent bulb would save us after 10 000 hours.**

Savings = total cost of low efficiency appliance – total cost of high efficiency appliance = $ $ = $.

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**Methods of conserving energy**

Thawing frozen food in the refrigerator Using a microwave instead of a conventional oven Cleaning dust from light fixtures Replacing light fixtures and appliances with more efficient ones when they wear out. Drying laundry on a clothes line

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**Methods of conserving energy**

Blocking sunlight with shades and blinds to reduce air conditioning use Using timer switches and programmed thermostats Turning down the heat in the winter by 1°and turning up the air conditioner by 1°. Turing off lights when leaving a room or reducing the time lights are on. Sealing up drafts around the house.

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**Calculating the Cost of Power Worksheet**

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