1 st degree: least harmful Caused by hot water; objects Signs: outer layer turns red First Aid: cold water for 10-15 minutes
2 nd degree: more serious Caused by sunburns or scalding Signs: burned area blisters First aid: cold water; wrap loosely; do not pop blisters!
3 rd degree burn: very serious Caused by fire, electricity, chemicals Signs: deeper layers burned, nerve endings damaged First Aid: cover burned area; elevate feet and arms; sip fluids; do not apply cold water or ice
Muscle spasms due to excessive fluid loss Caused by activity during hot weather Signs: sharp pains, contractions, muscle may feel hard First Aid: Rest; light massage; fluids
Extreme tiredness from body temperature being off Caused by excessive physical activity at high temperatures Signs: dizzy, pale, cool, dry skin, body temperature normal or above First Aid: move to cool dry place; lay down; cool liquids; cool body with wet sponge
Sudden illness brought by exposure to high temperature Caused by inability to sweat making one overheat Signs: skin is hot, red and dry; weak with headache First Aid: move to shade; sponge skin; hospital immediately
Low body temperature Caused by excessive exposure to cold, wet, wind for extended period at 50 degrees or less Signs: feel chilled and disoriented or weak First Aid: move indoors; replace clothing with warm clean and dry clothing; warm fluids to drink
Freezing parts of the body; extremities Caused by overexposure to very cold temperatures Signs: tingling sensation, pain, numb, white cold spot may appear First Aid: place body part in warm water for 20 minutes; keep dry after warm water; seek medical attention
Abuse: the physical, emotional, or mental mistreatment of another person Abuser: person carrying out the abuse Victim: the person against whom a crime is committed One must be under the age of 18 for it to be considered child abuse
Results in injury to the body Burns, bruises, broken bones Death can occur in severe cases Battery- beating, hitting, kicking Shaken Baby Syndrome- a severe form of head injury caused by violently shaking an infant or child. Such shaking usually takes place when the infant is crying inconsolably and the frustrated caregiver loses control. The violent shaking may result in severe injuries to the infant, permanent brain damage, or death.
Words or gestures to mistreat another Love and affection are withheld from a child Threats, constant teasing, criticism Self esteem
When sexual contact is forced upon a victim The abuser is often known Incest: occurs between family members Never the victim’s fault
Failure to meet the basic physical and emotional needs of a person Proper food, clothing, housing Love and encouragement
Abused as a child Alcohol/ drug use Unemployment/ poverty Illness Divorce or family problems Low self esteem Lack of parenting skills Inability to deal with anger Lack of communication skills Immaturity (emotionally)