Presentation on theme: "How to Replace Your Desktop PC’s Power Supply Computer Based Training Objectives."— Presentation transcript:
How to Replace Your Desktop PC’s Power Supply Computer Based Training Objectives
Level of Understanding What’s a power supply? What’s a power supply? I know what that is
What is a Power Supply? The power supply unit’s job is to convert the power provided from the outlet into usable power for many parts inside the computer case. The Power Supply Unit is also known as: PSU Power Supply Power Pack Power Converter The power supply unit is mounted just inside the back of the case. Connections from the power supply connect to various components inside the computer. Power supply units are rated by wattage to show how much power they can provide to the computer.
Step 1 Turn off your PC, unplug it, and remove your computer case. Locate your PC’s old power supply sitting in a corner of your PC’s case. The power supply’s back end fits snugly against the back of your PC so that it’s built-in fan can blow out the hot air. On its other side, dozens of cables flow from a small hole.
Step 2 Make sure the new power supply’s cables will plug into the correct spots by putting a strip of masking tape on the end of each plug and writing down its destination. Each cable ends with one of several types of plugs. The plugs are shaped differently to mesh with their particular connector.
Step 3 Unplug the power cables from the motherboard (the large, flat, circuitry- and-slot-filled board). Two power supply cables plug into the motherboard: one pushes into a large, 20- or 24-pin connector (left), the other pushes into a smaller, 4-, 6-, or 8-pin connector (right). On motherboards set up to run two video cards, you’ll also remove a four-pin connector that looks just like the ones plugging into older CD/DVD drives (see Step 4).Step 4
Unplug the power cables from the hard drives and the CD/DVD burners (new on left, old on right), as well as any other places on the motherboard. Motherboards usually include small four-pin connectors for controlling switches and fans. Your old power supply will probably have some dangling cables that don’t plug into anything. (Those cables are thoughtfully supplied to power any future upgrades.)
Step 5 Remove the four screws that hold the power supply to the computer’s case. Be careful not to remove the screws holding the power supply’s internal fan. To see which screws are which, try loosening the screws slightly and wiggling the power supply from inside the case. Also, the screws that hold the power supply in place are generally closer to the outside edge of the computer’s rear. The screws that hold the fan are generally closer to the fan’s edge.
Step 6 Lift out the power supply. If the power supply is cramped, you may need to loosen the screws holding some drives in place and pull them forward a bit. If the power supply still won’t come out, make sure that you’ve removed all the screws. Some power supplies have extra screws around their base to hold them down.
Step 7 Buy a replacement power supply. If you can’t purchase a replacement power supply online, take the old one to the store and look for a replacement. If you’re planning on adding more computer gear — a powerful graphics card, more hard drives, or more DVD burners — buy a power supply that has a higher wattage
Step 8 Plug your new power supply into the wall before installing it, just to listen for the fan. If the fan doesn’t work, return the power supply for one that works. If you do hear the fan, though, unplug the power supply before beginning to install it.
Step 9 Place the new power supply in the old one’s place, and tighten the screws, then reconnect the cables to the motherboard, the drives, the fans, and the power switch. Look at the masking tape labels you put on the old power supply’s cables. Remember, some cables won’t connect to anything; they’re for future add- ons.
Step 10 Place the new power supply in the old one’s place, and tighten the screws, then reconnect the cables to the motherboard, the drives, the fans, and the power switch. Look at the masking tape labels you put on the old power supply’s cables. Remember, some cables won’t connect to anything; they’re for future add- ons.
Step 11 Reconnect the power cord and plug your computer back in. Its power cord should push into the socket near the fan.
Step 12 Turn on the power and see whether it works. Do you hear the fan whirring? Does the computer leap to life? If so, then all is well.
Step 13 If the fan is not spinning, try plugging a lamp into the power outlet to make sure that the outlet works. If the outlet works, exchange the power supply for a new, working one.
Step 14 Turn off the computer and put the case back on, then turn the computer back on. Is everything still working right? If it is, put a cool glass of iced tea in your hands. Congratulations!
Quiz Time! You thought that was it? Give the quiz a try to really test your knowledge. Begin the Quiz! Begin the Quiz!
Question #1 True of False: A power supply only powers the CD/DVD drive. True False
Question #2 What must you do before open up the computer tower? Turn off the monitor Turn off the monitor Make sure the CD/DVD trays are free of media Make sure the CD/DVD trays are free of media Call Diggers Hotline Call Diggers Hotline Turn off PC and unplug it Turn off PC and unplug it
Question #3 After installation, what can you check if your power supply is not working? Call Microsoft Place metallic item in outlet Place metallic item in outlet Try to plug an electric powered item into the outlet to make sure the outlet is working. Try to plug an electric powered item into the outlet to make sure the outlet is working. Tap the power supply until it turns on Tap the power supply until it turns on