Gender Stratification: the ranking of the sexes in such a way that women are unequal in power, resources, and opportunities
Worldwide, women experience lower survival rates due to poverty and gender-biased cultural values. -Women comprise 70% of world’s 1.2 billion poor (half a million die of pregnancy related complications each year). -In many cultures (even those with little food available) men and boys eat first. -In some countries girls and women die before men because of oppressive cultures. -In India, 40-50 million girls have gone missing and brides are often burned for dowry acquisition. -Other concerns = female genital mutilation and acid burning of females.
2004, 37 million Americans were classified as living below the official poverty line 13 million of the poor were children under the age of 18 Another 3.5 million of the poor were were over 65 years of age Millions more were female heads of households with children who were ill or disabled
Whites are the largest group among poor families About 10 percent of whites have income below the poverty line
Minorities have a higher poverty rate than whites 25 percent of African Americans have income below the poverty line 23 percent of the Latino population have income below the poverty line
A large number of the poor are the working poor Sociologists often consider the severely poor to be those living at 50 percent of the poverty threshold. 43 percent of persons in poverty are severely poor by national standards
Women A growing number of women are among the poor, which has been called the feminization of poverty. Children In the U.S., thirty four percent of the poor are children under the age of eighteen.
Increase in divorce rate Increase in births to unmarried mothers Lower wages paid to women
In 2004, 30.5 percent of female-headed families were living below the poverty line. Much of the increase in severe poverty seems to be due to a decrease in subsidies for low- income children and their mothers. The United States leads the affluent nations in the proportion of its children it allows to live in poverty – the U.S. “safety net” is frayed