2 StatisticsAccording to some estimates, women represent 70 percent of the world’s poor“I find good clean cardboard and I always carry my own sleeping bag. The most important thing is to have blankets. We learn to carry those blankets. We learn to because this is our home.”-Nancy, Canada.Women Feed the world ( )
3 Things Women Do Worldwide: Developing Countries: Arab States: Perform 66% of the workProduce 50% of the foodEarn 10% of incomeOwn 1% of propertyDeveloping Countries:Provide 70% of agricultural labourProduce more than 90% of the foodNowhere represented in budget deliberationsArab States:Only 28% of women participate in the workforceSouth Africa:The average distance to the moon is 394,400 km, South African women together walk the equivalent of a trip to the moon and back 16 times a day to supply their households with water
4 Feminization of Poverty “The feminization of poverty is a change in the levels of poverty biased against women or female headed households. More specifically, it is an increase in the difference in the levels of poverty among women and men or among female versus male and couple headed households.”
5 Discussion QuestionPoverty impacts women more severely than it does menWhat are the reasons for this?
6 Causes of the Feminization of Poverty Growth of Female- Headed HouseholdsIntra-Household InequalitiesDivorces, separationsChildren born to single mothersHigher male mortalityPatriarchal family situationGender division of labour and consumption within the household (unpaid work)
7 Causes of the Feminization of Poverty Inequality in Access to Public ServicesInequality to Social ProtectionBarriers to education for girlsLack of specific health attentionLower access to pensions and social assistanceInequality in benefit values in targeted policies
8 Causes of the Feminization of Poverty Labour Market InequalitiesLegal Restraints in Public LifeOccupational segregationIntra-career mobilityWage discriminationDuration of work shiftsProperty rightsDiscrimination in the judiciary systemConstraints in community and political life
10 Which of the following ethnicities do you think has the highest level of poverty? African AmericanWhiteAsianHispanic
11 What family make-up do you think has the highest poverty rate? Married women with no dependent childrenSingle women with no dependent childrenMarried women with dependent childrenSingle women with dependent children
12 Which age group lives in the most poverty? 0-2455-7425-5475+
13 What is the average annual salary for full time employed women and men in 2007? $17 865$27 562$35 102$43 947Men$20 655$26 435$39 734$45 113c) $35 102d) $45 113
14 SolutionsKnowing the causes of the Feminization of Poverty, what do YOU think can be done to help address women and poverty?“The best policy solutions to address women’s poverty must combine a range of decent employment opportunities with a network of social services that support healthy families, such as quality health care, child care, and housing support. Policy objectives must also recognize the multiple barriers to economic security women face based on their race, ethnicity, immigration status, sexuality, physical ability, and health status. These approaches must promote the equal social and economic status of all women by expanding their opportunities to balance work and family life.”
15 United Nations Millennium Development Goals Largest worldwide poverty reduction campaign
16 Attaining the Millennium Development Goals Women have multiple roles. At any given time they can be mothers, leaders, students, decision- makers, farmers, workers, voters and much moreIn each of these roles, the ability to be educated and healthy, to have voice and influence, and to enjoy opportunities and choices are critical to the attainment of the Goals.Gender equality and women’s empowerment are central to achieving the MDGs because without these capabilities and opportunities, women are less able to reach their full potential, live a life of dignity, and be productive citizens.
17 Homework“Gender equality helps accelerate achievement of each goal. In addition, there is solid evidence that progress in gender equality in one goal often contributes simultaneously towards progress on a number of other development goals. For example, gender equality in education also makes significant contributions to a nation’s economic growth and poverty reduction as well as to reduced malnutrition, fertility, and child mortality”Explain how gender equality and women’s empowerment is essential for the worldwide community to achieve each millennium development goalUse the following website to get your information:MakingChangeHappen.pdf