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PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE Vs. Present Continuous Tense

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Presentation on theme: "PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE Vs. Present Continuous Tense"— Presentation transcript:

1 PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE Vs. Present Continuous Tense

2 The Present Simple Tense
Paco likes sports Paco likes sports a lot. He does sports to keep fit. He usually plays basketball with his friends at weekends and, from time to time, they go for a mountain bike ride. Paco enjoys cycling very much. They intend to do Saint James Way next year. 2

3 The Present Simple Tense
Positive: (+) SUBJECT VERB* OBJECT *Third person singular –s : (general rule) he / she / it knows, starts, eats, lives, plays, reads, looks, obeys Exceptions: Verbs ending -y (after a consonant) + ies e.g. study, carry, try, fly, cry. he / she / it studies / carries / tries / flies / cries Verbs ending -ss, -sh , -ch, -x + -es e.g. kiss, wash, watch, mix. he/ she / it kisses, washes, watches, mixes Verbs ending -o do, go he / she / it does, goes I play football. She plays football. 3

4 The Present Simple Tense
Negative: (-) SUBJECT DO / DOES + NOT + VERB + OBJECT I don’t play football. He doesn’t play football. 4

5 The Present Simple Tense
Interrogative: (?) The interrogative structure in the Present Simple follows this pattern: Without an interrogative pronoun: DO / DOES + SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT OR COMPLEMENTS Do you play football? Does she play football? With an interrogative pronoun:  WH + DO / DOES + SUBJECT + VERB ? What do you want to do? WH- PRONOUNS AND INTERROGATIVE PARTICLES: who, what , when, where, why, how, how much, how many, how often, what time, etc … 5

6 We use the Present Simple to talk about:
The Present Simple Tense USES We use the Present Simple to talk about: Everyday activities e.g. I go to school every day. Habits and routines e.g. I usually go out with my friends at weekends. Permanent situations e.g. I live in Cañada del Hoyo. Likes and dislikes e.g. I love pizza. e.g. I hate studying. Stative verbs e.g. I feel very happy today. 6

7 The Present Simple Tense
Stative verbs Verbs expressing states, possession, senses, emotions, and mental activities: 1. Verbs of senses (perception) – smell, see, hear, taste, feel e.g. I smell something burning in the kitchen. 2. Mental processes (thoughts) – know, believe, think, understand, mean, doubt e.g. She understands the principles of photosynthesis. 3. Possession possess, have, own, belong e.g. I have an allergy to cats. 4. Emotions, attitudes, opinions –like, love, hate, desire, need, want e.g.The boy needs new clothes. 5. Measurement –equal, measure, weigh, cost e.g. The shoes cost a lot of money.

8 Adverbs of frequency V (AUX. VERB)
Adverbs of frequency go before any verb, except auxiliary verbs and the verb to be: Paco never gets angry. V (ORDINARY VERB) Paco is always happy. V (AUX. VERB) 8 8

9 Other ways to express frequency
Adverbial phrases  once, twice, three times a day/week/month… every morning/afternoon/day/week/month/year… on Mondays/weekdays at weekends… They go at the end of the sentence: e.g. I do my homework every afternoon. or at the beginning followed by a comma: e.g. Every afternoon, I do my homework. 9

10 The Present Continuous Tense
Paco is improving his English Is Paco really improving his level of English? Yes, he is. Paco is taking pains to learn English. He is making a great effort to speak English properly. He is studying hard because he needs the English language for his journey around the world. 10 10

11 The Present Continuous Tense
Positive: Subject + Present “to be” + Present Participle (-ing) Negative: Subject + Present “to be” + NOT + Present Participle (-ing) Interrogative: Present “to be” + Subject + Present Participle (-ing)? 11 11

12 The Present Continuous Tense
12 12

13 The Present Continuous Tense
Spelling rules for adding –ing to the verb (I): A. General rule: verb (base form) + ing. e.g. eat, read, look, clean → eating, reading, looking, cleaning B. Verbs ending with silent final -e drop the e, then add –ing. e.g. love, live, make, take → loving, living, making, taking C. 1- syllable verbs ending Consonant Vowel Consonant (CVC) double the final consonant, then add –ing. e.g. run, sit, stop, swim → running, sitting, stopping, swimming

14 The Present Continuous Tense
Spelling rules for adding –ing to the verb (II): D. 2- syllable verbs ending with stress on the las syllable, double the final consonant, then add –ing. e.g. refer, begin, prefer, control → referring, beginning, preferring, controlling E. Verbs ending –l double the final consonant, then add –ing. e.g. travel, cancel → travelling, cancelling F. Verbs ending –ie change –ie to –y, then add –ing. e.g. die, lie → dying, lying

15 The Present Continuous Tense
USES We use Present Continuous to talk about: 1. Actions happening at the moment of speaking. e.g. Paco is wearing a new suit. 2. Also for several actions happening at the same time: e.g. Colin is playing football and Anne is watching. 3. Actions happening in a period around the present moment in time. e.g. Thomas’s cousin is staying with them these days. 4. Future plans and arrangements. e.g. Andrés is meeting Paco next Saturday . 15 15

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