3 THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION Shortly after the end of the colonial war, the newly formed U.S. decided that they needed a stronger form of government.They decided to create a new constitution to replace the Articles of Confederation.A Constitutional Convention was formed and George Washington was elected to be in charge of it.
4 DO NOT COPYWhy was George Washington chosen to lead the Constitutional Convention?Did every state come to the Convention?What were some weaknesses that the representatives were trying to iron out?What type of democracy is this similar to?
7 Making the Constitution There were several different compromises during the making of the Constitution. The Bill of Rights, The Electoral College, The Three Fifths Compromise, The Great Compromise, and several others were all in agreement before the constitution could be passed and become law.9 of the 13 states had to ratify (accept and approve) the new Constitution. Everyone of the states eventually did.
9 Sections of the Constitution The following make up the Constitution. Every aspect of our national government can be found in these sections.The PreambleThe Articles (7)The Bill of Rights (added in 1791)
10 PREAMBLEThis is one of the most often quoted sections of our Constitution.It makes sure that everyone knows that the power of our government comes from the people, and not from the government itself.
12 ARTICLESThe Articles explain how government is supposed to work. The first three articles are very specific about the structure of government, while the last four are about more general matters.
13 DO NOT COPY What are the three main parts of the Constitution? What is the purpose of the Preamble?Which of the seven articles are most specific?
14 Basis Aspects of the Constitution Popular SovereigntyRule of LawSeparation of PowersChecks and BalancesFederalism
15 Popular SovereigntyOne of the most important principles brought forth by the Constitution.Means: the power (sovereignty) lies with the people (populace, or popular means population or public).
16 Rule of LawIn England, many of the nobles had been above the law, and got away with murder, literally.This principle is the basis of our judicial system (courts).Means: no one person or group of people are above the law.
17 Separation of PowersIn order to protect the people of the U.S. from the abuse of power, Separation of Powers were inserted in the Constitution.This meant that no branch of government has all the power.There are three branches; Executive, Legislative. And Judicial.
20 DO NOT COPY How many branches of the government are there? What are the three main parts of the constitution?What does rule of law mean?What does popular sovereignty mean?Who was president of the constitutional convention?What does checks and balances mean?
21 Checks and BalancesThis means there are Checks and Balances in the Constitution that keep any one branch from becoming too powerful.
33 DO NOT COPYWhat are the five main principals found in the Constitution?Which of the principals is the most important?
34 How to amend the Constitution There are two ways to amend the constitution.See pg. 85
35 Group Questions How often are they elected? How old do they have to be?How long must they have been a citizen?How many does each state get?Where to find answers……….House of Rep.: Art I, Sec IISenate: Art I, Sec IIIExecutive: Art II, Sec I
36 GROUP QUESTIONSAs a group, name ten rights that you should have that no one can take away from you.As a group, decide what form of democracy you would have (representative or direct) and write a 1 paragraph explanation.As a group come up with 5 ways the country would be different if we did not have a Constitution.
37 JOB POSTING In your group, create a job posting. Be as creative as you would like. Make sure you include all of the info that is needed as well as any info you think would be important.Include:Job titleHow long they will hold the positionWhat some of their duties areWhat the qualifications are (how old, citizenship)Anything you think the job seeker should know about the position.