Presentation on theme: "Transformational Leadership"— Presentation transcript:
1 Transformational Leadership Chapter 9Leadership: Theory and PracticePeter G. Northouse
2 Transformational Leadership: What is it? A leadership style that changes and transforms people.Concerned with emotions, values, ethics, standards, and long-term goals.Transformational leaders must take into account their followers’ motives, satisfying their needs & treating them as full human beings.
3 What is it? Con’t.Involves influence that moves followers to accomplish more then what is usually expected from them.Often incorporates charismatic & visionary leadership.While the transformational leader plays a pivotal role in motivating change, followers & leaders are inextricably bound together in the transformation process.
4 Transformational Leadership Factors Factor 1 – Charisma or idealized influence.Leaders who act as a strong role models for followers; followers identify with these leaders & want very much to emulate them.Leaders tend to have very high standards of moral & ethical conduct.These leaders are deeply respected and trusted by their followers.Leaders provide their followers with a vision & a sense of mission.
5 Transformational Leadership Factors Factor 2 – Inspirational MotivationLeaders tend to communicate high expectations to followers, while inspiring them through motivation to become committed to and a part of the shared vision of the organization.Leaders use symbols & emotional appeals to focus group members’ efforts to achieve more for the group or organization.
6 Transformational Leadership Factors Factor 3 - Intellectual StimulationLeader stimulates followers to be creative & innovative & to challenge their own beliefs & values as well as those of the leader & the organization.Leader supports followers as they try new approaches & develop innovative ways of dealing with organizational issues.
7 Transformational Leadership Factors Factor 4 – Individualized ConsiderationLeaders provide a supportive climate in which they listen carefully to the individual needs of followers.Leaders tend to act as coaches and advisors while trying to assist followers in becoming fully actualized.
8 How does Transformational Leadership Work? Leaders set out to empower followers & nurture them in change.Leaders create a culture in which employees feel empowered & encouraged to freely discuss & try new things.In order to create change, these leaders become strong role models for their followers.Leaders listen to their followers and are tolerant of opposing viewpoints.
9 How does Transformational Leadership Work? Transformational leaders create a vision that emerges from the collective interests of various individuals & units in an organization.This vision gives their followers a sense of identity within the organization & a sense of self-efficacy.These leaders are social architects that make clear the emerging values & norms of the organization.
10 How does Transformational Leadership Work? Leaders make sure that their followers know their roles & understand how they contribute to the greater purposes of the organization.Transformational leaders are effective at working with people.Transformational leadership results in people feeling better about themselves & their contributions to the greater good.
11 Strengths Widely researched from many different perspectives. Intuitive appeal.Treats leadership as a process that occurs between followers & leaders.Provides a broader view of leadership that augments other leadership models.
12 StrengthsPlaces a strong emphasis on followers’ needs, values, & morals.Substantial evidence that transformational leadership is an effective form of leadership.
13 Criticisms Lacks conceptual clarity. How transformational leadership is measured.Treats leadership as a personality trait or personal predisposition rather than a behavior in which people can be instructed.Elitist & antidemocratic.Suffers from a “heroic leadership” bias.Has the potential to be abused.