Presentation on theme: "ISSUES IN EXPANDING FAMILIES: TEENAGE PARENTHOOD"— Presentation transcript:
1 ISSUES IN EXPANDING FAMILIES: TEENAGE PARENTHOOD Individuals and Families: Diverse PerspectivesChapter 11 - Unit 4
2 Teenage ParenthoodBecoming a teen parent impacts an individual immediatelyThey are launched into the adult world, with adult expectations and adult responsibilitiesUnsurprisingly, teenaged parents and their children are seen to have more negative outcomes than adult families and lone-parent families (Dryburgh, 2001)Becoming pregnant as a teenager forces undue strain on an already stressed growth period. Teenagers are just finishing and at times only beginning their transition from childhood into adolescence and getting pregnant at this time puts added risk to their own growth as well as that of the infant inside them.
3 Teenaged ParenthoodWhat are your assumptions about teenaged pregnancy?
4 Fewer Teenaged Parents Teen pregnancies are decliningResearch suggests that teens are beginning to engage in sexual activities at a later ageThere is an increase in the use of condoms (Rotermann, 2008)The rate of abortions has increased for teens aged 15 to 17 (Dryburgh, 2001)Immigrant teens have a lower likelihood of being teen mothers than native Canadian teens who are not visible minorities (Luong, 2008)DateNumber of Births by Teen Mothers199719 724200716 180(Ambert, 2006)
5 What would life resemble? What are some characteristics that clearly describe a teenaged parent?
6 Who are teenaged parents? In the early 1970s, 75% of teen mothers were marriedCurrently, almost 80% of teen mothers are unmarriedMost, single teen mothers live at home with their parentsOften teen mothers were born to teen parents— which means that the cycle continues (Ambert, 2006)
7 Outcomes of Teenage Pregnancy How can the changes in the chart be explained? How might the chart look today?
8 Teen Parents More likely to experience more family transitions Have a higher probability of multiple cohabitationsMore likely to move in and out of relationshipsHave a difficult time finding employmentHave income fluctuations and are more likely to be poorHave lower educationTend to be socially isolated(Ambert, 2006)
9 What about teen fathers? Research on the father’s role in parenting has been limitedResearch on teen fathers is even more limited because far fewer teen fathers maintain a relationship with their childrenTeen fathers:Less educated than older fathersAssociate more with deviant peersTend to be unemployed or work in lower-paying jobsDue to the social status of being a teen father, they may bemore involved when children are younger, but this lessensas the children become older(Ambert, 2006)
10 Consequences of Teen Pregnancy Teen pregnancy affects many individuals and has an impact on many societal structuresThe consequences impact:The parentsThe childThe parents of the teenaged parent
11 Effects on ParentsSocially, have less in common with parents that are olderPoor physical health due to living conditions and habitsHigher rates of depressionDiminished parenting abilityMore stressMore likely to have the child removed from homeMore likely to experience abuse or sexual assaultGreater chance of addictionThe health and social issues that teen parents experience(Ambert, 2006)
12 Style of Parenting use by Teens Teen parents tend to use authoritarian or permissive parenting styles and research indicates that children are better adjusted when parents use an authoritative style of parenting.
13 Effects on the ChildThe children of teenaged parents face many challenges:They are more likely to be aggressive, hostile and hyperactiveTend to perform more poorly in schoolThey are more likely to become young offenders if they are not properly supervisedOlder children of teenaged parents may continue the cycle of poverty due to lack of education and limited employment opportunities(Ambert, 2006)
14 Effects on the Parents of the Teen Parent Between 30% and 50% of teen mothers live with their parents after the birth of their childThis causes age condensing which means that several life-course stages are overlappingOften new grandparents may be approaching middle age and are dealing with their own stressesConflicts may arise over childcare responsibilities, education, finances, and parenting stylesSome poor families may not have the resources to support the teen parentSome parents do not offer their teen any support(Ambert, 2006)
15 Teens and SocietyHow does society react to teenaged parenthood?
16 The Reaction of a Society Due to the negative consequences of teen pregnancy, society implements a number of preventative policies to reduce the number of children born to teenagersGovernments also implement social policies to support teen parentsSocial supports should address the factors that can improve the long-term outcome of children of teenaged parents
17 Where can teens find help? What social agencies are available in your community to help teen parents and their children?