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COGNITIVE IMPAIRMEN T By Amber Taylor ~My Brother is my inspiration~

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Presentation on theme: "COGNITIVE IMPAIRMEN T By Amber Taylor ~My Brother is my inspiration~"— Presentation transcript:

1 COGNITIVE IMPAIRMEN T By Amber Taylor ~My Brother is my inspiration~

2 INFORMATION EVERYBODY  It can include loss of higher reasoning, forgetfulness, learning disabilities, concentration difficulties, decreased intelligence, and other reductions in mental functions.  Cognitive impairment may be present at birth or can occur at any point in a person’s lifespan.  Head injury and infection of the brain could cause cognitive impairment at any time.

3 FACTS  More than 16 million people in the united states are living with cognitive impairment  Age is the greatest risk factor for cognitive impairment as the baby boomer generation as age 65  An estimated 5.1 million American's age 64 years or older may currently have Alzheimer's disease, the most well known form of cognitive impairment; this number may rise to 13.2 milling by 2050.

4 RISK  While age is the primary risk factor for cognitive impairment, other risk factors include…  Family history  Education level  Brain injury  Exposure to pesticides or toxins  Physical inactivity  Chronic disease  Heart disease  Stroke  Diabetes

5 WAYS TO REDUCE YOUR CHANCE  Individuals may reduce the risk of cognitive impairment by keeping physical active and maintaining healthy cholesterol and blood sugar levels.

6 SIGNS  Memory loss  Frequently asking the same question or repeat the same story over and over  Not recognizing familiar people and places  Having trouble exercising judgment, such as knowing what to do in an emergency  Change in mood or behavior  Vision problems  Difficulty planning and carrying out tasks, such as following a recipe r keeping track of monthly bills.

7 SERIOUS OR LIFE-THREATENING CAUSES OF COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT  Brain tumor  Encephalitis  Heat stroke  Kidney failure  Meningitis  Profound dehydration  Sepsis  Spinal cord injury or tumor  Stroke  Traumatic head injury

8 BIRTH-RELATED CAUSES OF COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT  Infection  lack or oxygen during labor or birth  Preterm birth or its complications such as intracranial hemorrhage

9 CAUSES OF COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT IN ADULTHOOD  Alcohol or drug abuse  Brain or spinal cord injury  Certain vitamin deficiencies  Congestive heart failure  Dementia  Infection  Kidney disease  Liver disease  Medication side effect

10 CAUSES OF COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT THAT OCCUR AFTER BIRTH OR DURING CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE  Autism  Head injury  Heavy metal poising such as lead poisoning  Infection  Kidney disease  Malnutrition  Metabolic conditions

11 ADULTS  Among adults, cognitive impairment has been reported in up to 80% of patients with brain tumors, 70%–80% of patients with lung cancer, and 40% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia. It has also been reported in up to 75% of patients with breast cancer and in patients treated with bone marrow transplantation after high- dose chemotherapy.  Cognitive impairment can continue for a long time after completion of treatment.

12 WHEN YOU AGE  With aging cognitive impairment may become worse and develop more difficult problems for the individual.  Such as…  Stoke  Dementia  Brain tumors  Chronic alcohol use and abuse  Substance abuse

13 CAUSES  Some early causes of cognitive impairment include chromosome abnormalities and genetic syndromes, malnutrition, prenatal drug exposure, poisoning due to lead or other heavy metals, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), complications of prematurity, trauma or child abuse such as shaken baby syndrome, or oxygen deprivation in the womb or during or after birth.

14 WILLIAMS BACKGROUND  William has a lot of difficulty when it comes to certain things such as…  School work and Book work  Math, science, and spelling  Stress and frustration  20 years old mind of a third grader

15 HOW DOES HE DEAL WITH HIS DISABILITY AND WHAT PROBLEMS CAME ALONG  May 10 th …He talks to my mom and works out in the garage. Had relationship issues but was surprisingly calm and willing to talk.  May 11 th …He worked out in the garage to vent is emotions. He got really upset about not having a job or be able to get out or help the family out.  May 12 th …He helped dad clean the garage no attitude or nothing then went to the store for food came back smiles all day not upsetting or frustration happened  May 13 th … He was very overwhelmed and upset. He felt as though he let my parents down because he cant find a job and frustrated with person issues  May 14 th …He slept all morning happy when he work up and was happy when he went to bed. He got frustrated while trying to cook  May 15 th … Worked all day so he temper or frustration stayed equal levels and calm the night time he got little frustrated  May 16 th …really calm and happy and relaxed he went to work with a good friend

16 HOW OTHERS HANDLE HIS MOOD AND FRUSTRATION  May 10 th …  May 11 th …  May 12 th …  May 13 th …  May 14 th …  May 15 th ….  May 16 th …



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