Presentation on theme: "PE 1 HEALTH UNIT Alcohol. The Facts About Alcohol Ethanol Produced through the fermentation of fruits, grains and vegetables. Water, flavoring and minerals."— Presentation transcript:
The Facts About Alcohol Ethanol Produced through the fermentation of fruits, grains and vegetables. Water, flavoring and minerals are mixed with ethanol to produce a variety of beverages such as beer and wine Create spirits, or liquors, such as whiskey, rye and vodka.
Immediate Effects of Alcohol Consumption Provide an energy rush Masks alcohol's trues effects as a depressant Intoxication Slows reaction time Impairs vision Impairs clear thinking and good judgment Image Credit: http://data.whicdn.com/images/11113987/alcohol-blonde-blurred-vision-drunk-party-Favim.com-79865_large.jpg
Factors That Influence Alcohol Use Peer Pressure Family Media Messages Image Credit: http://www.ifood.tv/blog/resisting-peer-pressure-say-no-to-crazy-alcoholics-forcing-you-to-drink
Advertising Techniques Companies that produce alcoholic beverages spend billions of dollars each year and use: billboards, television and radio, magazines and newspapers. Alcohol companies sponsor: sporting events, music concerts, art festivals, exhibits, and community events. They do this to associate their products with attractive and healthy people having fun.
Alcohol’s Role in Unsafe Situations Alcohol related motor vehicle accidents are the number one cause of death and disability among teens. Linked with deaths by drowning, fire, suicide, and homicide. Even if not drinking but are around people who are, you have an increased risk of being seriously injured, involved in a vehicle crash, and affected by violence. http://spydef.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/u-s-navy- drunk-driving-deterrence-display_100317786_m.jpg
Alcohol and the Law If you are under 21, it is illegal to buy, posses, or consume alcohol Teens can be arrested, fined, and sentenced to a youth detention center. Damaging his or her reputation, and losing trust and respect of friends and family members.
Alcohol, Violence, and Sexual Activity Teens more likely to be victims or perpetrators of violent crimes More likely to become involved in fights, resulting in school or police action. More likely to become sexually active at earlier ages, to engage in sexual activity more often, and to engage in unprotected sexual activity more often.
Alcohol Abuse 25% of all youth are exposed to alcohol abuse Youth that lives with family member that abuses alcohol are at high risk for neglect, economic hardship, and social isolation. Can lead a young person to try alcohol as an escape. Studies indicate that a person who begins drinking as a teen is four times more likely to develop alcohol dependence than an adult is.
Alcohol and Extracurricular Activities Negative consequences of alcohol use for teens can extend to their eligibility for participation in extracurricular activities. Zero-tolerance policy for student found using alcohol. May be suspended from their activities or from school. Future social, college, and job prospects could be damaged.
Being Alcohol Free Maintain a healthy body Make responsible decisions Avoid risky behavior Avoid illegal activities Image credit: http://www.npca.org/about-us/center-for-park-mgmt/programs.html
Strategies for Prevening the Use of Alcohol Refuse to drink Leave the situation quickly Call for a ride home Best defense is to avoid situations in which alcohol is present Image credit http://listcrux.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/alcohol_d12-e1386255429416.jpg
Harmful Effects of Alcohol Use Alcohol and Drug Interactions Can lead to illness, injury, and death A factor in 1/4 of all emergency room admissions Multiplier effect Image credit http://www.docticare.co.uk/pagine/Magazine.aspx
Driving Under the Influence DUI-leading cause of death among teens BAC .08% No acceptable amount for person under 21 Consequences Loss of driver's license Injuries, death Arrest, jail time, fines Police record, possible lawsuits Higher insurance rates
What's a "Standard" Drink Image Credit http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/standard-drink
Alcohol Poisoning Severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose Shuts down involuntary reactions Passing out Symptoms that are indications of poisoning: Mental confusion, stupor, inablility to be roused, vomiting, seizures Slow respiration Irregular heartbeat Hypothermia Severe dehydration from vomiting
Long Term Effects of Alcohol on the Body Image Credit http://manashsubhaditya.blogspot.com/2013_06_16_archive.html
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Alcohol passes from mother's body to bloodstream of fetus FAS-alcohol related birth defects. Can include physical and mental problems. Leading known cause of mental retardation in the United States Image credit http://www.babybirthbasics.com/alcohol-and-pregnancy-fetal-alcohol-syndrome
Alcoholism A disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol Alcoholic-Person who is dependent on alcohol Alcoholics may display symptoms Growing evidence suggest genetic link Child of alcoholic 4 times more likely to become alcoholics.
Effects on Family and Society Estimated 14 million alcoholics in U.S. Major factor in the four leading causes of accidental death 40% of violent crimes are alcohol related 2/3’s of domestic violence victims report alcohol as a factor Nearly ½ of all homicide victims have alcohol in the bloodstream Codependency
Treatment for Alcohol Abuse Alcoholism cannot be cured, it can be treated Recovery As many as 2/3’s of alcoholics are able to recover Control the intake of alcohol Counseling and/or medication can help Sobriety Image credit http://trialx.com/curetalk/wp-content/blogs.dir/7/files/2011/05/diseases/Alcoholism_Dependence-2.png
Where to Get Help Al-Anon/Alateen Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) National Association for Children of Alcoholics National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information National Drug and Treatment Referral Routing Service