2 ObjectivesList the factors that influence the onset of alcohol’s effectsBe able to define multiplier effect and binge drinkingUnderstand the dangers of alcohol poisoningUnderstand the consequence of DUI
3 Drinking alcohol = a high-risk behavior Short term effects of drinkingdifferent for everyonefactors that influence onset of effectsbody size & genderfoodamount & rate of intake
4 Alcohol & Drug Interactions Mixing drugs & alcohol can cause deathMultiplier effect = medication has a greater or different effect than if taken aloneMetabolism = process by which the body breaks down substancesTypical interactions include:alcohol may slow down the drug’s absorptionincrease the number of metabolizing enzymes in the bodymetabolizing enzymes can change some medications into damaging chemicalsalcohol can increase the effects of some drugs
5 Driving under the influence - DUI Impaired vision, reaction time, & coordinationLeading cause of death among teens = car accidents60% of teen deaths in car accidents are alcohol relatedBlood alcohol concentration (BAC) = amount of alcohol in a person’s bloodDrinking of any sort:Slows reflexesReduces ability to judge distances & speedsIncreases risk-taking behaviorsReduces a person’s concentration while increasing forgetfulness
6 Consequences of DWI (just list 3-4) Harm to self or othersRestricted driving privilegesInjuries, damage, deathRegret, remorseLoss of trust & respectArrest, jail time, court appearance, heavy fine or bailPolice record, lawsuitsHigher insurance rates
7 Binge drinking Drinking 5 or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting Serious problem among teens1 in 5 teens binge drinkCan cause alcohol poisoning
8 Alcohol poisoningSevere & potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcoholic overdoseAlcohol = depressantshuts down central nervous systemCan be deadlyEffects of alcohol poisoningMental confusion, stupor, coma, vomiting, seizuresSlow respirationIrregular heartbeatHypothermiaSevere dehydration
10 Fact: In 2010, more than 10,000 people died in alcohol-impaired driving crashes. That makes one every 51 minutesFact: Alcohol-impaired motor vehicle crashes cost more than an estimated $37 billion annuallyFact: Of the 1,314 traffic deaths among children ages 0 to 14 years in 2009, 181 (14 percent) involved an alcohol-impaired driveFact: An average drunk driver has driven drunk 80 times before first arrestFact: In 2009, over 1.4 million drivers were arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. That's less than one percent of the 147 million self-reported episodes of alcohol-impaired driving among U.S. adults each year.Fact: percent of convicted drunk drivers continue to drive on a suspended license.One in three people will be involved in an alcohol-related crash in their lifetime.