4 "From henceforth no person or persons that use the Welsh speech or language shall have or enjoy any office or fees.... unless he or they use and exercise the speech or language of English"The Acts of Union1536 a 1543
6 Changing Attitudes: Increasing social status of the Welsh language 1893 – University of Wales1911 – National Library of Wales1964 – Welsh Office: Part of the UK Government1967 – First Welsh Language Act1982 – S4C: Welsh language TV channelEducation Act designates Welsh a ‘core subject’ in the curriculum1993 – Welsh Language Act & Welsh Language Board1999 – National Assembly for Wales
14 Welsh Language Schemes 526 Public Sector bodies have approved Statutory Welsh Language Schemes73 Voluntary Sector bodies have approved Welsh Language Schemes
15 Characteristics of Successful Schemes Corporate ownershipSupport for non-Welsh speakersBilingual identityForward PlanningNormalising bilingualism in the workplaceClear guidance to staffRegular language awareness trainingMarketing Welsh language services
16 Use of Welsh in the Private Sector: Over 150 companies have agreed a Welsh Language Policy with the Board
18 Development of Welsh Medium Education in Wales 1947 – First LEA funded Welsh Medium Primary School (4-11) – First LEA funded Welsh Medium Secondary School (11-18).Initially for children from Welsh speaking homes. Post 1970 – increasing numbers from non-Welsh speaking homes.
19 Welsh-medium education: 3 main influences on its development Some local authoritiesParental demandHer Majesty’s Inspectors of Schools
20 Scale of Welsh Medium Education Numbers of Welsh Medium Schools: 448 Primary Schools 54 Secondary Schools 51,977 Primary Pupils 39,458 Secondary PupilsPupils in years 7-11taught Welsh as a first language: – 21,658 (12.2%) – 27,895 (14.8%)
27 What is important to know about the Welsh language Increased numbers speaking the languageFewer people using the language on a day-to-day basis
28 Language Planning Strategy Developing a strategy for language planning in Wales:1996 – A Strategy for the Welsh Language1999 – Vision and MissionIaith PawbThe Future of Welsh: Welsh Language Board’s StrategyDiscussions for the future
30 Aim:“To enable the language to become self-sustaining and secure as a medium of communication in Wales”
31 Objectives of the 1996 Strategy: Increasing the number of people who are able to speak Welsh;providing opportunities to use the language;changing habits of language use and encouraging people to take advantage of the opportunities provided;strengthening Welsh as a community language.
37 Priority Areas (1)Language transmission in the familyChildren aged 0-7Welsh Language and bilingual education and trainingUse of Welsh by young peoplePromoting and facilitating the use of Welsh in the community
38 Priority Areas (2)Using Welsh in the private sectorWelsh Language Schemes and developing and providing services in the welsh languageNormalising bilingualismPromoting language rights as part of the equal opportunities fieldInformation Technology and Corpus PlanningResearch and data
39 WLB’s Strategic Priorities: 2009 Extending the influence of Language SchemesWelsh Language Policies (for businesses)EducationFamilies and the communityYouth (increasing the use of Welsh among young people)Cross-cutting Work: Research, Information Technology, The Centre for the Standardization of Terms, Europe, Marketing
40 Frequency of use by age and fluency Every dayWeeklyLess oftenNeverNot fluentFluent%Age
41 Cross party support for the language Language is no longer a political football.Political agreement on the importance of the language to Wales as a nation.
42 Funding for the promotion of the language £15million=€16.5million
43 Community Activities/Grassroot Support Balance......Important to have a good balance between central policy and grassroot supportGovernment PolicyWLBCommunity Activities/Grassroot Support
44 One WalesSeek enhanced legislative competence on the Welsh language, with a view to a new Assembly Measure to confirm official status for both Welsh and English, linguistic rights in the provision of services and the establishment of the post of Language Commissioner.