IPEC South-Asian Sub-Regional Programme to Combat the Trafficking in Children for Exploitative Employment South Asia Strategy and Achievements 7 March.
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Presentation on theme: "IPEC South-Asian Sub-Regional Programme to Combat the Trafficking in Children for Exploitative Employment South Asia Strategy and Achievements 7 March."— Presentation transcript:
IPEC South-Asian Sub-Regional Programme to Combat the Trafficking in Children for Exploitative Employment South Asia Strategy and Achievements 7 March 2001 Interdepartmental meeting MIGRANT - IPEC by Tine Staermose
Context n Sending countries : Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka n Transit countries: Bangladesh, India and Pakistan n Receiving countries: India and Pakistan
Main purposes for trafficking: n Nepal – India: Sexual exploitation and hazardous work n Bangladesh – Pakistan: domestic work marriage, hazardous work (other) and sexual exploitation n Bangladesh – India/ other destinations: n Sexual exploitation, domestic work and organ transplantation
IPEC’s involvement in SA n IPEC Nepal starts in 1995 n First Project against trafficking of children takes off 1997 –99
Achievements 1997 - 1999 Achievements 1997 - 1999 National Plan of Action Identification of 26 trafficking prone districts 4 district plans of action
Achievements cont. n National Task Force, all relevant Ministries, Police, NGOs, UNICEF and ILO-IPEC. n 26 District Task Forces
Achievements n Regional Conference in Kathmandu in October 1998. n Participation from 5 countries: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal n Regional Plan drafted
n Bill on Trafficking together with UNICEF and the Police n Documentation center on trafficking in the MWC&SW established n Quarterly Newsletter “ Combat”
The ILO-IPEC South-Asian Sub-Regional Programme 2000- 2002 n Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka n Internal and external trafficking n Efforts underway to include India and Pakistan
Strategy: n 1) Research and Documentation n 2) National Ownership and Initiative n 3) Direct Interventions n 4) Sub-Regional Advocacy
Research and documentation l In-depth baseline research feeding into an overall national knowledge base and subsequently into a global knowledge- base through ILO-IPEC’s SIMPOC system.
Research and documentation contd... n Intervention-driven research: n Establishment of monitoring mechanisms feeding into the set of project steering tools
Research contd. l Methodology: Rapid Assessments, using the ILO-UNICEF draft Manual for research on the Worst Forms of Child Labour, in particular exploring innovative ways of getting data on hard-to-reach populations such as trafficked children. (sociological/anthropological research)
National Ownership and Initiative n Through support to national strategies and efforts at governmental and non-governmental levels n Strengthen the institutional capacities to deal with the problem. n In particular, facilitate governments’ efforts to design or implement national plans of action and district plans of action against trafficking of children
National Ownership and Initiative contd... n Provide technical support at the working level to relevant Ministries, NGOs and research institutions. n Conduct training programmes for implementing agencies in areas defined by the countries such as in project design, monitoring mechanisms, legal aspects, including training on ILO C. 182, CRC and other human rights instruments.
Direct Interventions n Through targeted interventions in areas of concern: prevention, prosecution of traffickers and rehabilitation of victims.
Sub-Regional Activities n 1) Promote a sub-regional position against trafficking through SAARC mechanisms. n 2) Review and put into action the regional plan of action n 3) Nurture networking among NGOs and governments across borders incl. the police n 4) Mobilize the media against trafficking through a sub-regional Action programme.